Although American politics have generally become very polarized along partisan lines, there still exist areas of U.S. foreign policy that are characterized by some degree of bipartisanship. Yet contemporary foreign policy bipartisanship takes multiple forms: 1) “classic bipartisanship,” in which the president and both parties in Congress are largely united; 2) “anti-presidential bipartisanship,” in which both parties in Congress disagree with the president; and 3) “cross-partisanship,” in which divisions within both parties generate competing bipartisan coalitions. In this project, Prof. Tama traces the prevalence of different forms of bipartisanship in contemporary U.S. foreign policy, and examines how ideology, interest groups, and political incentives lead Democrats and Republicans to align with each other in different ways on different issues.
His analysis draws on an original data set of congressional foreign policy votes, as well as case studies of major recent U.S. debates over economic sanctions, the use of military force, international trade, and spending on diplomacy and foreign aid.
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