Not Just the Presidency. Congressional Primaries 2020


Updated: September 16, 2020: Delaware

by Mike Cowburn, John F. Kennedy-Institute, Freie Universität Berlin

Whilst news coverage of Tuesday’s nomination contests will be dominated by the Democratic presidential contests, Super Tuesday also marked the start of the congressional nomination process. Alabama, Arkansas, California, North Carolina and Texas all had the chance to have primaries to select candidates for House of Representatives and Senate elections in November. These elections have important consequences, frequently these are the only challenges elected officials face. They also give observers important insight into divisions and factional groupings in both of the parties. In this election cycle these divisions in the Democratic Party are primarily ideological, between moderate or establishment and progressive wings. In the Republican Party these divisions are framed around closeness to President Trump with candidates choosing either to abstain from mentioning him in their primary campaigns or wholeheartedly embracing his rhetoric and policy positions. This blog provides an overview of every district in these states and all states to come.

For each district, the district number in the U.S. House of Representatives is provide in bold, SEN refers to US Senate. After each district I’ve provided the Cook PVI score of the district. This is a measure provided by the Cook Political Report which shows how much the district leans Democratic or Republican. This measure is important in understanding the dynamic of a primary contest as it shows the value of becoming each party’s nominee, this dictates both the quality and number of candidates who enter the race. For each state I’ve mentioned any relevant rules which vary between states. (R) denotes a Republican candidate, (D) denotes a Democrat.

Super Tuesday

Across both parties there were few notable shocks or surprises on the night. This a continuation of a pattern of primary challenges to incumbents being unsuccessful. While the number of challenges and competitive primary competitions has risen in the past decade, the rate of challenger success has shown no sign of increasing. At the presidential level, Super Tuesday was a good night for the moderate or establishment part of the Democratic Party, the same was true at the congressional level where several notable races between establishment and progressive-endorsed candidates went the way of the moderates. In the Texas Senate, progressive-endorsed Cristina Tzintzun Ramirez failed to finish in the top-two required to make the run-off, while establishment-backed M.J. Hegar came a clear first. A similar pattern continued in challenges to incumbents, such as in TX-28 where progressive Jessica Cisneros failed to unseat moderate incumbent Henry Cuellar. For Republicans loyalty to President Trump continues to be a winning strategy in safe Republican districts, such as in the open contest in TX-11, where Trump’s endorsement of August Pfluger helped him emerge with 52% in a crowded field. In less Republican districts, candidates continue to avoid mention of the President. Very few Republican candidates openly criticized President Trump in a continuation of a pattern from in 2018. These trends will be interesting to watch in the remaining contests between now and September.

Alabama (July 20, 2020)

Update on the Run-Off: In the AL-SEN (R+14) run-off to take on incumbent Doug Jones (D) in November, former football coach Tommy Tuberville defeated former senator Jeff Sessions. Trump enthusiastically supported Tuberville and Club for Growth donated almost $1 million to his campaign, helping him win over 60% of the vote.

There were run-offs for both parties in the open AL-01 (R+15). For the Democrats, retired marine James Averhart defeated scientists Kiani Gardner. Gardner won the initial primary in March. In the Republican race Jerry Carl defeated former state Senator Bill Hightower. In AL-02 (R+16) there was a Republican run-off as former state Representative Barry Moore defeated businessman Jeff Coleman.

Rules: In Alabama if a candidate does not win a majority of votes, they advance to a run-off with the second placed finisher. The winner of this run-off then advances to the November general election.

In the Republican race to run for Democratic Senator Doug Jones’ AL-SEN (R+14) seat, former Aubern football coach Tommy Tuberville defeated former Senator and attorney general Jeff Sessions. Both advance to the run-off. Representative Bradley Byrne, who gave up a House seat to run in this race finished 3rd, disgraced former candidate Roy Moore came a distant fourth after the Alabama Republican Party took an ‘anyone-but-Roy Moore’ endorsement stance. Jones faced no opposition within his own party and will do well to hold his seat in a state that Trump won by 27 points in 2016.

AL-01 (R+15) was an open seat with Representative Byrne vacating his office to run for the Senate. The result is a run-off for both parties. For the Democrats, community college professor Kiani Gardner won a narrowly over former marine James Averhart, both will advance to the run-off. For the Republicans county commission Jerry Carl beat state senator Bill Hightower after spending nearly $500k on his primary campaign, both will advance to the run-off.

AL-02 (R+16) was another open seat. For the Democrats a straight shoot-out between Nathan Mathis and Phylliss Harvey-Hall went Harvey-Hall's way, with nearly 60% of the votes. Who she'll face in November remains uncertain with Jeff Coleman winning the Republican primary from Barry Moore. These two candidates will enter a run-off due to the size of the field making it difficult to get 50%, Jessica Taylor finished 700 votes behind Moore in third. Harvey-Hall will have her work cut out in November as this district is safely Republican. There were no primaries in AL-03 (R+16) or AL-04 (R+30) where Republican incumbents Mike Rogers and Robert Aderholt will face Democrats Adia Winfrey and Rick Neighbors respectively.

In AL-05 (R+18) incumbent Representative Mo Brooks was challenged by retired Navy Commander Chris Lewis. Lewis had gained the support of the Alabama Farmers Federation and this looked set to be competitive. However, Brooks won comfortably gaining 75% of the vote. Democrats did not field a candidate in this district or in AL-06(R+26) meaning both Brooks and Gary Palmer (R) will be re-elected in November. Conversely Republicans did not field a candidate in AL-07 (D+20) handing another two years to incumbent Terri Sewell (D) who was also unopposed in her party.

Alaska (August 18, 2020)

In the AL-SEN (R+9) incumbent Dan Sullivan (R) faced no primary opposition. The non-Republican primary was won by Al Gross, who had the support of the state Democratic Party, with almost 75% of the vote in a four-way race. Alaskan Independence Party candidate John Wayne Howe – whose platform including an abolition of all taxation – came second with 10% of the vote.

In the state’s at-large House district AL-AL (R+9) 24-term incumbent Don Young (R) saw off a challenge to the right from John Nelson, receiving almost 80% of the vote. In previous cycles, challengers have attacked Young for being in Congress for too long – he was first elected in 1972 – but Nelson made the case that he wasn’t sufficiently conservative for the state. Young will face a rematch with Alyse Galvin in November, she came within seven points of Young in 2018. Galvin won the non-Republican primary with support from Democratic groups, Ray Tugatuk was second.

Arizona (August 4, 2020)

In the AZ-SEN (R+5) special election, incumbent Martha McSally (R) held off a challenge to the right from Daniel McCarthy (R), helped in part by Trump endorsing her during the primary. This is a key Democratic target to flip in November, former astronaut and navy captain Mark Kelly was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.

In the House, incumbent Tom O’Halleran (D) survived a primary challenge from Brand New Congress-endorsed progressive Eva Putzova (D) in AZ-01 (R+2). Putzova took over 40% of the vote running on a progressive platform. The Republican primary is currently being led by Tiffany Shedd ahead of Nolan Reidhead. Both adopted highly conservative platforms and focused on national issues during the primary, Shedd was endorsed by former Senator Jon Kyl.

In AZ-02 (R+1) incumbent Ann Kirkpatrick (D) saw off a challenge from Peter Quilter (D). Quilter had progressive positions but received no support from organized groups. In the Republican primary, Brandon Martin defeated Noran Ruden. Martin was unequivocal in his support of President Trump, while Ruden positioned himself as a “compassionate conservative” with more moderate policy stances.

No primaries in AZ-03 (D+13) where incumbent Raul Grijalva (D) will face Daniel Wood (R) in November.

In AZ-04 (R+23), incumbent Paul Gosar (R) held off a challenge from Anne Ward (R). No ideological differences between the candidates, Ward campaigned on national issues and her long history in the district. Delina DiSanto defeated Stuart Starky in the Democratic primary, a low-key ideological contest with Starky adopting more progressive positions, no interest from outside groups due to the strong Republican lean of the district.

Incumbent Andy Biggs (R) faced no challenge in AZ-05 (R+15). Joan Greene won the three-way Democratic primary ahead of Javier Ramos, little outside interest though Greene secured some endorsements from national and state groups.

Democrats are targeting AZ-06 (R+9) currently held by David Schweikert (R). Hiral Tipirneni was endorsed by the DCCC and a multitude of other groups and won the four-way Democratic primary ahead of progressive 2018 candidate Anita Malik.

There were no primaries in AZ-07 (D+23) where incumbent Ruben Gallego (D) will take on Josh Barnett (R) in November.

No primary either for incumbent Debbie Lesko (R) in AZ-08 (R+13). She’ll face Michael Muscato (D) in November after he won a three-way Democratic primary ahead of Robert Olsen (D). Olsen ran on a more progressive platform including Medicare For All.

In AZ-09 (D+4) incumbent Greg Stanton (D) face no intraparty challenge. Dave Giles won the Republican primary ahead of Sam Huang. Giles allied himself closely with President Trump during the campaign as Huang declined to mention him.

Arkansas (March 3, 2020)

Recapping Arkansas' congressional primaries is very easy...there weren't any. This means that in AR-01 (R+17) incumbent Rick Crawford (R) will be re-elected in November with no Democrat standing. In AR-02 (R+7) French Hill (R) will be favorite against Joyce Elliot (D). Incumbents Bruce Westerman and Doug LaMalfa in AR-03 (R+19) and AR-04 (R+17) likewise have little cause for concern in November against Democrats Celeste Williams and William Hanson respectively.

California (March 3, 2020)

Rules: California and Washington use a primary system called a top-two primary. This is where all candidates, regardless of party, compete in a single contest and the top-two candidates advance to the general. One result of this is that it means general elections between two candidates from the same party are possible. Because of the state’s Democratic leaning, this is not uncommon. This also means there is only a single primary contest per district.

In CA-01 (R+11) incumbent Republican Doug LaMalfa easily advanced to the general with almost 60% of the vote. He'll face Democrat Audrey Denney who finished second, with the other three candidates receiving less than 6% of the vote between them. In CA-02 (D+22) incumbent Jared Huffman (D) will again face Dale Mensing (R) in November. Huffman beat Mensing comfortably in 2014, 2016 and 2018. Other candidates received 12% of the vote. In CA-03(D+5) Incumbent Democrat John Garamendi will face Republican Tamika Hamilton in November. This race mainly focused on agricultural needs in the district.

Republican incumbent Tom McClintock will face Democrat Brynne Kennedy in CA-04 (R+10) in November. Kennedy campaigned on her experience as a businesswoman and claimed she wants to put partisanship aside, the word Democrat didn't feature on her website. In CA-05 (D+21) incumbent Democrat Mike Thompson will face Republican Scott Giblin. Giblin's primary campaign focused on his ability to represent the people and get citizens more involved. Incumbent Doris Matsui easily won her CA-06 (D+21) primary contest and will face Republican Chris Bish in November. Bish has campaigned saying her competence in business will make her a good Representative in Congress. In CA-07 (D+3) Incumbent Democrat Ami Bera will face Republican Buzz Patterson in November in this Republican target. Patterson is a former Air Force pilot and is a best-selling author, in the Clinton administration he was responsible for carrying the nuclear football.

The open seat in CA-08 (R+9) will likely see Republican Jay Obernolte face Democrat Christine Bubser, with some precincts still left to report. Republicans will be strong favorites here. Republican Tim Donnelly is in 3rd. Over in CA-09(D+8) incumbent Democrat Jerry McNerney will face Republican challenger Tony Amador. Republican Will Martinek was the only other candidate in the race. CA-10 (EVEN) Incumbent Josh Harder finished only narrowly ahead of Republican challenger Ted Howze in this Republican target. These two will contest what will be a close general in November, the total Republican votes here on Tuesday exceeded the total Democratic votes. Howze also contested the 2018 primary, failing to advance to the general in this district when it was held by Republican Jeff Dunham. This will be a race to watch in November.

There were no surprised in CA-11 (D+21) as incumbent Democrat Mark DeSaulnier and Republican Nisha Sharma advanced past Green Michael Kerr. Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D) will face fellow Democrat Shahid Butttar in November's general election for CA-12 (D+37) after Republican John Dennis finished 3rd. CA-13 (D+40) saw no contest, meaning its straight to the general for Democratic incumbent Barbara Lee and Republican challenger Nikka Piterman. Incumbent Democrat Jackie Speier will face Republican Ran Patel in November in CA-14 (D+27) where other candidates got less than 7% combined. In CA-15 (D+20) incumbent Democrat and former presidential candidate Eric Swalwell will face Republican Alison Hayden in the general election.

In CA-16 (D+9) Republican challenger Kevin Cookingham narrowly defeated Democratic incumbent Jim Costa and a field of Democrats. These two will be the candidates in the November general, and Costa should be safe as the total number of Democratic votes here on Tuesday was significantly more than Cookingham’s total. Democrat Ro Khanna will have a Republican rather than Democratic general election as Republican Ritesh Tandon beat Democrat Stephen Forbes into 2nd place in CA-17 (D+25). Khanna originally won this seat in 2014 by coming second in the primary to incumbent Democrat Mike Honda then defeating him in the general election. In 2016 he again competed against a Democrat in the general. In 2018 he defeated a Republican to hold the seat and he should have no problem doing the same again this cycle, in 2018 he won over 75% against Republican opposition.

There was a close race to face incumbent Democrat Anna Eshoo in November in CA-18 (D+23). Democrat Rishi Kumar was leading Republican Richard Fox by less than 1% with 265 of 337 precincts reporting. Eshoo is unlikely to be troubled regardless of the opponent in November. CA-19 (D+24) saw a close race between Republicans Justin Aguilera and Ignacio Cruz for the right to challenge incumbent Democrat Zoe Lofgren in November. Aguilera won out by less than 600 votes and advances to the general. In CA-20 (D+23) Democrat incumbent Jimmy Panetta will have a Republican opponent in Jeff Gorman in November. Gorman focused his campaign on the benefits of private healthcare and the threat of America becoming a communist nation.

Moderate Republican former Representative David Valadao is trying to win his seat back in CA-21 (D+5). He leads Democratic incumbent TJ Cox; both will advance to the general election. Father and son Rocky & Ricardo De La Fuente (more on this family later), one competing for each party, were eliminated. In CA-22 (R+8) Incumbent Republican Devin Nunes will face Democrat Phil Arballo in November. Arballo calls himself a "practical progressive", this was a bit of an upset for the California Democratic Party who had supported Bobby Bliatout and came third. There was no primary in CA-23 (R+14) No primaries here, House minority leader Kevin McCarthy and challenger Kim Mangone advance straight to the general. In CA-24 (D+7) incumbent Democrat Salud Carbajal and Republican Andy Caldwell had no trouble advancing past independent Kenneth Young.

CA-25 (EVEN) also had a special election to replace Katie Hill (D). As with that election Christy Smith (D) and Mike Garcia (R) will advance to the ballot in November by which time one of them will be the incumbent. They will next face each other in May in a general election run-off to fill the vacant seat until January. I expect whoever wins in May to be the favorite in November, but this will be close and is worth watching. In CA-26 (D+7) Incumbent Julia Brownley (D) and challenger Ronda Baldwin-Kennedy (R) advanced past two other Democrats. Baldwin-Kennedy focused her primary campaign on closeness with President Trump & the opioid crisis.

CA-27 (D+16) Incumbent Judy Chu (D) will be on the ballot along with either perennial challenger Johnny Nalbandian (R) or Beatrice Cardenas (R). Nalbandian lost in CA-28 in 2018. Only 85 of 252 precincts have currently reported, Nalbandian is around 2,000 votes ahead of Cardenas. In CA-28 (D+23) incumbent Adam Schiff (D) leads Eric Early (R) in a field with multiple Republican and Democratic candidates. Only 66 of 248 precincts have reported. Early's primary campaign was focused on attacks on Schiff, G. Pudlo (D) is less than 2,000 votes behind Early in third.

With 154 of 205 precincts reporting it looks like CA-29 (D+29) will be an all Democratic general election. Incumbent Tony Cardenas (D) will be on the ballot and it looks like Angelica Duenas (D) has beaten Brian Perras (R) to join him. Duenas leads Duncan by nearly 2,000 votes. In CA-30 (D+18) incumbent Brad Sherman (D) will yet again face Mark Reed (R). Reed has lost four general elections for this seat (2010, 2012, 2016, 2018) which doesn’t seem to have put him off trying again. There was no contest in CA-31 (D+8) meaning incumbent Pete Aguilar (D) will face Agnes Gibboney (R) in November. In CA-32 (D+17) incumbent Grace Napolitano (D) will have a Republican challenger as Joshua Scott finished ahead of two other Democrats. This is a repeat of the 2018 match up which Napolitano won handily (68.8%).

CA-33 (D+16) incumbent Ted Lieu (D) will face James Bradley (R) in November, where no other candidate received 10% of the vote. Bradley previously ran for US Senate in 2018, finishing as the highest placing Republican but not advancing to the general. No contest in CA-34 (D+35) as Mike Cargile (R) will take on incumbent Norma Torres (D) in November. In CA-36 (D+2) incumbent Raul Ruiz (D) will be joined on the November ballot by Erin Cruz (R). Cruz previously ran for US Senate in 2018, receiving 4% of the vote in the primary. There were no surprises in CA-37(D+37) as incumbent Karen Bass (D) and challenger Errol Webber (R) moved past independent Larry Thompson.

CA-38 (D+17) was a great example of the oddities of California electoral law. Only two candidates stood, incumbent Linda Sanchez & Michael Tolar. They are both Democrats, and due to no Republican entering the race they both progress to the November general. California State Assembly Member Young Kim (R) and incumbent Gil Cisneros (D) will have a rematch of their 2018 race in CA-39 (EVEN). Last time Cisneros narrowly won; this will be a top Republican target in November. Young Kim would be the first Korean-American woman in Congress.

It remains unclear whether incumbent Lucile Roybal-Allard (D) will have a Republican or Democratic challenge in CA-40 (D+33). David Sanchez (D) and C Antonio Delgado (R) are split by just 16 votes for second with 135 of 180 precincts reporting. In CA-41 (D+12) incumbent Mark Takano will have Republican opposition in the form of Aja Smith in November in a repeat of the 2018 contest which Takano won comfortably (65.1%). The right to take on incumbent Ken Calvert (R) in CA-42 (R+9) was narrowly won by William O'Mara (D) over Regina Marston (D). 

It’s still too early to say if incumbent Nanette Barragan (D) will face Democrat Analilia Joya, or Republican Billy Early in CA-44 (D+35). Joya leads Earley by less than 300 votes with 176 of 235 precincts reporting. Greg Raths (R) has won the race to challenge incumbent Katie Porter (D) in CA-45 (R+3). This will be a priority seat for Republicans in the general. Raths is Mission Viego Mayor. In CA-46 (D+15) incumbent Lou Correa (D) and challenger James Waters (R) advanced past a field of Democrats and independents to contest the general. Waters is a former Marine who campaigned as a strong supporter of Trump.

Incumbent Alan Lowethal (D) and challenger John Briscoe (R) made it through a crowded field in CA-47 (D+13). This is a repeat of the 2018 contest which Lowethal won comfortably (64.9%). Challenger Michelle Steel (R) won the contest to take on incumbent Harley Rouda (D) in CA-48 (R+4). This seat will be a top priority for Republicans to win back in November. Steel is a member of the Orange County Board of Supervisors. There was no contest in CA-49 (R+1) no meaning incumbent Mike Levin (D) will face Brian Maryott (R) in November.

In the open race in CA-50 (R+11) Darrell Issa (R) looks to have cleared the first hurdle in his bid to regain a congressional seat. Ammar Campa-Najjar (D) will be on the November ballot having won the primary with Issa in second ahead of Carl Demaio (R). There was no contest in CA-51 (D+6) which will be a battle of the Juans in November as incumbent Vargas (D) takes on Hidalgo (R). In CA-52 (D+6) Incumbent Scott Peters (D) will face Jim DeBello (R) in November. DeBello's campaign has focused on needs of the district and claimed that Congress had lost touch. There was an open primary in CA-53 (D+14) which will be a general election between two Democrats after Sara Jacobs and Georgette Gomez came out on top in this race. Chris Stoddard was the highest placed Republican in 3rd.

Colorado (June 30, 2020)

In the much-discussed Democratic primary for the CO-SEN (D+1) former governor and presidential candidate John Hickenlooper (D) came through a tough contest against former Speaker of the Colorado House of Representatives Andrew Romanoff (D). Hickenlooper appeared unassailable at the start of the campaign, but Romanoff focused on his leadership in the state to received over 40% of the vote. Hickenlooper will face incumbent Cory Gardner (R) in November, with polling suggesting a likely Democratic gain. The state is a must-win target if the Democrats have any chance of regaining the Senate.

In the House there were only contested primaries in CO-03 (R+6) where incumbent Scott Tipton (R) was defeated by gun rights activist, restaurant owner and QAnon conspiracy theorist Lauren Boebert (R). Boebert attracted attention when she defied state orders to close her restaurant – Shooter’s Grill – during the pandemic. Tipton was endorsed by Trump but Boebert attacked him for voting with Democrats too often. Boebert will face Diane Mitsch Bush (D) in November after she defeated James Iacino (D) on Tuesday. Mitsch Bush previously ran for the seat in 2018, losing 52-44 against Tipton. Democrats will likely put extra resources into the district following Boebert’s primary victory meaning the race will worth watching in November.

Connecticut (August 11, 2020)

Only two primaries took place in Connecticut, both in the Republican party, as the state has a long history of using conventions to nominate candidates. The state’s five Democratic incumbents were all renominated without primary contests. In CT-01 (D+12) Mary Fay defeated former Democrat Jim Griffin in the Republican primary, both candidates focused on the need to stop sending the same politicians back to Washington. In CT-02 (D+3) a recount is underway after the two candidates – Thomas Gilmer and Justin Anderson – finished within 50 votes of each other. The more complicated part is that Gilmer was arrested on the eve of the primary on charges of strangulation and unlawful restraint against a former partner relating to an incident in 2017, more information  at

Delaware (September 15, 2020)

In the DE-SEN (D+6), incumbent Chris Coons (D) defeated progressive challenger Jessica Scarane, winning over 70% of the vote. In the Republican primary Lauren Witzke, a conservative activist with links to the QAnon conspiracy theory defeated party-backed attorney James DeMartino.

In the house seat DE-AL (D+6) there was no challenger to incumbent Lisa Blunt Rochester (D). She’ll face actor Lee Murphy who won the Republican primary against Matthew Morris, both candidates argued they were best placed to flip the district during the primary, Murphy received the endorsement from the state party.

Florida (August 18, 2020)

In FL-01 (R+22) Trump-loyalist incumbent Matt Gaetz (R) had no problem holding off two primary challengers in this deep-red district in a race to the right. Gaetz will face Phil Ehr (D) in November’s general election. In FL-02 (R+18) incumbent Neal Patrick Dunn (R) was unopposed, there is currently no Democratic candidate in this district.

In FL-03 (R+9), an open seat in a Republican district following Ted Yoho’s retirement resulted in ten candidates, who competed to align themselves most closely with Trump. Yoho’s former deputy chief of staff and campaign manager, Kat Cammarck won, with Matt Gaetz-endorsed Judson Sapp in second place. The Democratic primary was a low-interest affair, with progressive Adam Christensen narrowly winning the contest.

Incumbent John Rutherford (R) comfortably saw off Erick Aguilar’s (R) challenge from the right in FL-04 (R+17), he’ll face Donna Deegan (D) in November. Al Lawson (D) was held to less than 60% of the vote by two challengers in FL-05 (D+12), Dr Albert Chester (D) received over 25% of the vote with his Medicare-For-All focused challenge. Lawson will face moderate Republican Gary Adler in November. Adler narrowly won the Republican primary from Roger Wagoner, with Wagoner advocating a much more conservative platform.

Incumbent Michael Waltz (R) was unchallenged in FL-06 (R+7). An ideological Democratic primary was won by the more moderate Clint Curtis ahead of progressive Richard Thripp. In FL-07 (EVEN), incumbent Stephanie Murphy (D) will take on physician Leo Valentin (R) after he won a Republican primary focused on healthcare policy. Incumbent Bill Posey (R) defeated air force pilot Scott Caine in FL-08 (R+11) in a campaign that focused on US policy toward China. Posey will face Jim Kennedy (D) in November.

In FL-09 (D+5), incumbent Darren Soto (D) was unopposed. The Republican primary was won by William Olson who ran an explicitly pro-Trump campaign, Christopher Wright came second running on a more moderate platform. Val Demings (D) was unopposed in FL-10 (D+11). The Republican primary was won by Vennia Francois on a moderate platform which made no reference to Trump, the other candidate – Willie Montague – ran a pro-Trump campaign. 

There were no primaries in FL-11 (R+15) or FL-12 (R+8) where Republican incumbents Daniel Webster and Gus Bilrakis will take on Democrats Dana Cottrell and Kimberly Walker in November. Democratic incumbents Charlie Crist and Kathy Castor were similarly unchallenged in FL-13 (D+2) and FL-14 (D+7). FL-13’s Republican primary became a race to the right that was won by Anna Luna ahead of Amanda Makki, both candidates positioned themselves as highly conservative and supportive of Trump’s agenda. The Republican primary in FL-14 had clearer ideological differences, with Trump-supporting Christine Quinn defeating the comparatively moderate Paul Elliott.

The eighth incumbent deselection of the cycle came in FL-15 (R+6) where Vince Spano (R) was defeated by Scott Franklin. Though there was an ideological element to the challenge – Franklin was significantly more conservative and was endorsed by Matt Gaetz – but the challenge focused on Spano’s violation of campaign finance laws which Franklin claimed put the district at risk for the party. Spano retained the support of more moderate representatives. Former TV anchor Alan Cohn beat state representative Adam Hattersley in the Democratic primary. Cohn argued that Hattersley was too conservative for the party after he was endorsed by the Blue Dog Coalition, Hattersley had switched party in 2018 to join the Democrats and had voted against a number of more progressive measures in the statehouse.

There were no primaries in FL-16 (R+7) or FL-17 (R+13) where incumbent Republicans Vern Buchanan and Greg Steube will face Democrats Margaret Good and Allen Ellison in November. Incumbent Brian Mast (R) saw off an ideological challenge to his right from Nick Vessio in FL-18 (R+5). There were clear ideological divisions in the Democratic primary too as progressive Pam Keith defeated Oz Vazquez.

Representative Francis Rooney’s retirement meant an open seat in FL-19 (R+13). The nine-way Republican primary became a race to the right that was won by Bryon Donalds, meaning there will likely be one Black Republican in the House of Representatives in 2021. The Democratic primary was dominated by electability narratives, Cindy Banyai defeated David Holden.

In safely Democratic FL-20 (D+31), incumbent Alcee Hastings (D) was challenged by Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick who argued she could better represent the needs of the district. A low-interest Republican primary had a clear ideological divide as winner Greg Musselwhite appealed to moderate Democrats while runner up Vic Degrammont advocated a pro-Trump stance.

Incumbent Lois Frankel (D) was unsuccessfully challenged from the left by Guido Weiss (D) in FL-21 (D+9). Controversial right-wing media figure and self-described Islamophobe Laura Loomer won the Republican primary, even as more moderate opponents campaigned against her on explicitly ideological lines. Loomer remains banned from multiple social networking sites for racist posts.

Incumbent Ted Deutch (D) was unopposed in FL-22 (D+6). Establishment Republican James Pruden won the Republican primary ahead of multiple QAnon-supporting opponents. In FL-23 (D+11) incumbent and former DNC chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz was unsuccessfully challenged to her left by progressive Jen Perelman. Trump-advocate Carla Spalding won an ideological Republican primary ahead of comparative moderate Michael Kroske. Incumbent Frederica Wilson (D) comfortably defeated two challengers who claimed the district needed change in FL-24 (D+34). Wilson will face Lavern Spicer (R) who was the only Republican candidate. There were no primaries in FL-25 (R+4), where incumbent Mario Diaz-Balert (R) currently has no Democratic opponent.

Democratic incumbents Debbie Mucarel-Powell and Donna Shalala were both unchallenged in FL-26 (D+6) and FL-27 (D+5). Former Mayor Carlos Gimenez (R) was endorsed by Trump in FL-26 and defeated firefighter Omar Blanco in the Republican primary. Shalala will face a rematch with her 2018 opponent Maria Elvira Salazar (R) in FL-27.

Georgia (June 9, 2020)

In the GA-SEN (R+5) incumbent David Perdue (R) advanced to the general election without challenge on Tuesday. In the Democratic primary, favorite Jon Ossoff is battling to reach the 50% threshold needed to avoid a run-off following a seven-way contest. He currently has 48.6% of the vote with 93% reporting. Ossoff narrowly missed out on election to the House in a 2017 special election. If he fails to hit 50%, former Columbus mayor Teresa Tomlinson (D) looks most likely to join him in the run-off. 

In GA-01 (R+9) incumbent Buddy Carter (R) defeated two challengers with Danny Merritt (R) receiving almost 20% of the vote. Merritt positioned his military record and private sector experience as reasons why he would be a better representative in Congress. In the Democratic primary, Joyce Griggs is currently leading Lisa Ring but will likely need a run-off if neither candidate receives 50% of the vote, Barbara Seidman currently has 12% of the vote with 79% reporting. Both candidates’ campaigns focused on their leadership qualities with Griggs highlighting her military career and Ring focusing on her work in prisons.

In GA-02 (D+6) incumbent Sanford Bishop (D) received no challengers on Tuesday. His November opponent is yet to be called, with pastor and speechwriter Don Cole (R) leading minister Vivian Childs (R) by less than 2,000 votes with 93% reporting.

In GA-03 (R+18) there were no primaries, meaning Gregory Almonord (D) will take on incumbent Drew Ferguson (R) in November.

In GA-04 (D+24) incumbent Hank Johnson (D) faced opposition from two challengers, attorney Elaine Nietmann and veteran William Haston (both D). Johnson received over 60% of the vote; Nietmann demanded better representation of the community, while Haston campaigned on progressive policies. Johnson will face Johsie Ezammudeen (R) in November in this deep blue district.

GA-05 (D+34) saw incumbent John Lewis (D) comfortably defeat educator Barrington Martin (D). Martin challenged Lewis from the left with a platform that included universal healthcare and universal basic income. Martin cited Lewis as an inspiration but said his policy positions were no longer sufficient in 2020. Lewis will face Angela Stanton-King (R) in November, she faced no primary.

In GA-06 (R+8) incumbent Lucy McBath (D) faced no primary and will face a November rematch of 2018 with Karen Handel (R). Handel beat four other Republicans with former NFL player Joe Profit (R) coming in second. Handel held the seat following a special election in 2017 but lost to McBath last time around. Expect this race to be close in November, Georgia has been trending blue in the past cycles and this race will be a good indicator as to whether that continues in 2020.

An open seat in GA-07 (R+9) saw contests in both parties. For the Democrats, Carolyn Bourdeaux received party backing having come within 500 votes of winning the district in 2018, winning the primary but failing to avoid a runoff, with 46% of the vote. She’ll face state representative Brenda Romero who beat progressive Nabilah Islam to second. Islam had been endorsed by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez but was one of four candidates eliminated. Rich McCormick (R) will be on the ballot in November after receiving 55% of the vote in the seven-way Republican primary. State senator Renee Unterman (R) came second with 17%.

Incumbent Austin Scott (R) had no problem against two challengers in GA-08 (R+15), receiving over 90% of the votes. He’ll face Lindsay Holliday (D) in November who advanced without a primary.

Another open contest in GA-09 (R+31) meant primaries and run-offs for both parties. For Democrats, business owner Brooke Siskin and veteran Devin Pandy emerged from a three-way contest. For Republicans there were nine candidates on the ballot in this favorable district, with Matt Gurtler and Andrew Clyde advancing to a run-off. Gurtler is a state representative, Clyde is a veteran and business owner. Both tied their campaigns closely to supporting President Trump and embraced rhetoric about corrupt bureaucrats and Washington elites.

In GA-10 (R+15) incumbent Jody Hice (R) received no in-party challenger. He’ll face Tabitha Johnson-Green (D) in November after she won Tuesday’s primary against Andrew Ferguson (D) to set up a repeat of the 2018 race here. Hice won that contest 63-37.

No primaries in GA-11 (R+17) where incumbent Barry Loudermilk (R) will take on challenger Dana Barrett (D) in November.

In GA-12 (R+9) incumbent Rick Allen faced no challenge. He will face community leader Liz Johnson (D) in November after she defeated Dan Steiner (D) on Tuesday.

In GA-13 (D+20) incumbent David Scott (D) will need a run-off to advance to November after receiving three in-party challengers. He’ll face former member of the Georgia House of Representatives Keisha Waites (D) who campaigned on her political experience in the state. The winner of the run-off will face business owner Becky Hites (R) in November. Hites defeated Caesar Gonzales (R) on Tuesday, running an explicitly pro-Trump campaign.

Finally, in the open district of GA-14 (R+27) a nine-way Republican primary will go to a run-off between Marjorie Greene and John Cowan. Businesswoman Greene took over 40% of the vote after receiving backing from Trump supporters such as Rep. Jim Jordan, her campaign adverts were pulled by Facebook for inciting violence as she was holding an AR-15. Kevin Van Ausdal (D) will be the Democrat on November’s ballot, he faced no primary opposition on Tuesday.

Georgia Run-Offs (August 11th)

Four run-off elections took place where no candidate received 50% of the vote in the initial primary contests. In GA-01 (R+9) Joyce Griggs won the Democratic contests to take on incumbent Buddy Carter (R). She finished ahead of Lisa Ring (D), who won the initial primary by less than 700 votes.

There were run-offs for both parties in the open district of GA-09 (R+31). Andrew Clyde will almost certainly go to Congress after he defeated state representative Matt Gurtler in the Republican primary. Clyde championed his outsider status, as both candidates openly embraced President Trump. A low-interest Democratic contest was won by veteran Devin Pandy ahead of business owner Brooke Siskin.

Most controversially, open district GA-14 (R+27) saw Republicans nominate QAnon supporter Marjorie Taylor Greene. Republican leaders had tried to encourage support for John Cowan, her opponent, who was no less conservative. The contest was dominated by Greene’s support for the baseless conspiracy theory and she will almost certainly be elected to Congress in November in this safe red district. Several other Republican candidates have expressed support for QAnon, Green is the first in a safe Republican district. The primary indicates the continued inability of Republican leadership to exert control over their base.

Hawaii (August 8, 2020)

In this deep-blue State, incumbent Ed Case (D) was renominated without opposition in HI-01 (D+17). He will face self-described “moderate” Republican Ron Curtis (R) after he won the five-way primary. Trump-supporter James Dickens came second, while Curtis made no mention of the president during the primary and positioned himself as someone who would work across the aisle to get things done.

Tusli Gabbard’s retirement meant an open seat in HI-02 (D+19). The seat will almost certainly be filled by state representative Kai Kahele who comfortably won the four-way Democratic primary. Kahele ran on a progressive platform including support for Medicare for All and the Green New Deal, with support from the state party. He’ll face Joe Akana in November after Akana won a nine-way Republican primary that focused on ability to deliver resources to the district.

Idaho (June 2, 2020)

Next to Idaho. In the ID-SEN (R+19) race, incumbent Jim Risch (R) face no opponent on Tuesday. He’ll face Idaho House of Representatives member Paulette Jordan (D) who comfortably defeated former police officer Jim Vandermaas (D) in the Democratic primary. Jordan is native American and describes herself as “very progressive”, it’s not her first statewide race as she was the Democratic nominee for Governor in 2018, losing to Brad Little (R). This was the first properly contested Democratic Senate primary in the state since 2008, the State hasn’t sent a Democratic Senator to Washington since 1974.

Primaries in both parties in ID-01 (R+21) where incumbent Russ Fulcher (R) held off businessman Nicholas Jones (R). Jones filed a federal lawsuit claiming the state’s website had become overwhelmed before the deadline for requesting a mail ballot. Fulcher will face Rudy Soto (D) in November after he defeated former candidate Staniela Nikolova (D) on Tuesday. Soto raised significantly more money, though Nikolova secured the endorsement of the Idaho Statesman. Soto will face an uphill struggle to defeat Fulcher in November in this deep-red district. 

Incumbent Mike Simpson (R) had no problems in his primary on Tuesday in ID-02 (R+17) against Kevin Rhoades (R).  Rhoades challenged the more moderate Simpson from the right, claiming to be the true conservative in the race. Simpson will face Aaron Swisher (D) in November after he faced no opponent on Tuesday.

Illinois (March 17, 2020)

An interesting night in Illinois which saw the first incumbent defeated in a continuation of the moderate versus progressive battle in the Democratic Party. Elsewhere there was a competitive race in the Republican Party for the Senate and a host of other intriguing House races, some of which essentially electing new Representatives.

Starting in the IL-SEN (D+7), incumbent Dick Durbin (D) faced no challenger but there was an interesting battle among Republicans to face him in November. Lake County Sherriff Mark Curran came out on top in a five-way race. Curran has previously stated his support for some of President Trump’s policies such as building a wall along the Mexican border but has also taken some stances, such as support for DACA, that go against the President. He won the race, which received low turnout, in large part due to greater name recognition.

Over to the House and in IL-01 (D+27) incumbent Bobby Rush (D) faced three challengers in Sarah Gad, Robert Emmons and Ameena Matthews. Rush faced no major difficulty, receiving over 70% of the vote and each challenger struggling to get above 10%. There was no contest on the Republican side, meaning renal technician and former president of the Great Lakes Illinois Republican Women Philanise White will take on Rush in November.

In IL-02 (D+29), incumbent Robin Kelly (D) defeated perennial challenger Marcus Lewis with 85% of the vote. This was Lewis’ sixth attempt at running for this seat, he is yet to make it past the primary. Again, no Republican contest meaning Theresa Raborn will be on the ballot in November. Raborn is a home-schooling mom who is running against career politicians with the claim that she can bring solutions to Washington.

IL-03 (D+6) saw the first incumbent defeat of the 2020 primary cycle. Moderate Democrat Dan Lipinksi, who had a pro-life voting record, had previously refused to endorse President Obama and was against same-sex marriage was defeated by progressive Marie Newman. Newman was supported by Justice Democrats and Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. The district leans Democratic (D+6) so it is likely that Newman will be elected to Congress in November. The Lipinksi family have held the seat since 1982, with Dan’s father Bill representing the district until 2005. Newman previously ran against Lipinski in 2018 and came close to unseating him then, winning 49% of the vote. In November Newman will face off against Mike Fricilone. Fricilone won the Republican Primary, with the claim against his rivals that “The number one difference is that I’m not a Democrat or a Nazi.” The other candidates in the primary were moderate Catherine O’Shea and commit neo-Nazi Arthur Jones. Jones caused outrage in the Republican Party when he made it unopposed onto the general election ballot in 2018.

In IL-04 (D+33) there were no contests meaning incumbent Jesus Garcia (D) will face Christopher Lasky (R) in this heavily Democratic district in November. In IL-05 (D+20) moderate Democrat Mike Quigley defeated progressive Brian Burns in an ideological campaign, Burns did manage to get 25% of the vote. In the Republican race Tommy Hanson defeated Kimball Ladien to set up a repeat of the 2018 general election contest. Quigley won that race 77-23 two years ago.

There was no challenge to incumbent Sean Casten (D) in IL-06 (R+2). He’ll take on Club for Growth and FeedomWorks endorsed Jeanne Ives. Ives has campaigned on abortion and immigration and defeated the comparative moderate Jay Kinzler in the primary. Incumbent Danny Davis defeated three challengers in IL-07 (D+38) on Tuesday night but was held to 60% of the vote, the rest was shared almost evenly between Kina Collins, Anthony Clark and Kristine Schanbacher. No Republican primary meant Craig Cameron advanced straight to the November ballot in a rematch of their 2018 race. Davis won that contest 88-12.

In IL-08 (D+8) incumbent Raja Krishnamoorthi (D) defeated two challengers winning 80% of the votes. Krishnamoorthi is set for re-election in November with no Republican currently standing against him. No contests took place in IL-09 (D+18) where incumbent Jen Schakowsky (D) will take on challenger Sargis Sangari (R). Sangari competed for this seat in 2018 but was defeated in the primary. There were also no contests in IL-10 (D+10) meaning incumbent Brad Schneider (D) will face Valerie Ramirez Mukherjee (R) in November. Ramirez Mukherjee is running on competence grounds as a self-made businesswoman and against career politicians, the word Republican doesn’t feature on her website.

IL-11 (D+9) saw contests on both sides as moderate incumbent Bill Foster (D) was held to less than 60% of the vote by progressive challenger Rachel Ventura. An even closer contest in the Republican Party as veteran and sheriff’s sergeant Rick Laib defeated businessman Krishna Bansal. Bansal spent more money in a campaign focused on issues. It’s still too close to call between Raymond Lenzi and Joel Funk (both D) in IL-12 (R+5), Lenzi leads by less than 2,000 votes in the battle to take on incumbent Mike Bost (R) who faced no challenger in his primary.

In IL-13 (R+3) incumbent Rodney Davis (R) faced no primary challenger. In the Democratic contest Betsy Londrigan defeated Stefanie Smith 77-23. Londrigan narrowly lost to Davis by less than 1% in 2018 (50.4-49.6%). In IL-14 (R+5) Jim Oberweis (R) looks to have won a seven-way race to take on incumbent Lauren Underwood (D). Underwood gained this seat in 2018 and this looks set to be a close race in November. Oberweis is the owner of Oberweis Dairy and has previously run for House, Senate and Governor.

In the open seat of IL-15 (R+21) following John Shimkus’ retirement Mary Miller (R) will be the firm favorite after she comfortable won the Republican primary ahead of three other candidates. Miller is a staunch supporter of President Trump and received endorsements from Mark Meadows, Ted Cruz and FreedomWorks. She’ll face progressive Erika Weaver (D) who comfortably defeated three other Democrats on Tuesday. Weaver will face an uphill task against Miller in this staunchly Republican district.

No contests in IL-16 (R+8) where incumbent Adam Kinzinger (R) will take on community leader and activist Dani Brzozowski (D). No primary challenge either for incumbent Cheri Bustos (D) in IL-17 (D+2). Bustos will face Esther Joy King (R) after she won the Republican primary against 2018 candidate William Fawell on Tuesday. King aligned herself closely with President Trump and received the endorsement of Steve Scalise. Finally, in IL-18 (R+15) incumbent Darin LaHood (R) faced no primary challenger and with no Democrat running looks set to be re-elected in November.

Indiana (June 2, 2020)

In Indiana’s first district IN-01 (D+8) there was an open race due to the retirement of Pete Visclosky (D). 14 Democrats were on the ballot and North Township Trustee Frank Mrvan (D) edged out Hammond Mayor Thomas McDermott (D) for the nomination. Mrvan had been endorsed by Visclosky and received the endorsement of the United Steeworkers union.  He’ll face Mark Leyva (R) in November after he came through a six-way Republican primary on Tuesday. Leyva lost to Visclosky in 2018 and 2014, and Mrvan will be favourite to win here in November.

In IN-02 (R+11) incumbent Jackie Walorski (R) defeated challenger Christopher Davis (R) on Tuesday. Davis campaigned on his ability to get things done in Washington and said he would work across party lines. Walorski said she was committed to working with President Trump. Patricia Hackett (D) defeated Ellen Marks (D) in a Democratic primary between two attorneys, Hackett previously lost the 2018 Democratic primary and was the more progressive candidate in the primary, refusing to take PAC money.

IN-03 (R+18) saw a comfortable win for incumbent Jim Banks (R) against physician Christopher Magiera (R) in the Republican primary. Magiera ran an anti-Washington campaign against one of the most conservative representatives in the House. It’s still too close to call in the Democratic primary where teacher Chip Coldiron (D) leads progressive Carlos Marcano (D) by less than 200 votes. Coldiron is running on a traditional Democratic platform and advocating his experience in public service, while Marcano’s includes medicare for all, a green new deal and rent controls.

IN-04 (R+17) incumbent Jim Baird (R) advanced without opposition. Joe Mackey (D) won the Democratic primary against three others, Mackey lost the Democratic primary for this seat in 2018. His primary campaign focused on children’s healthcare reform after two of his children died from paediatric cancers.

An open race in IN-05 (R+9) following the announcement by Susan Brooks (R) that she would not seek re-election. That produced a 15-way Republican primary which was won by Victoria Spartz (R). Spartz is a member of the Indiana Senate, born in the Ukraine, a fact that other candidates used to attack her throughout the primary. Spartz won over 40% of the vote, with Beth Henderson (R) and Micah Beckwith (R) the only other candidates breaking 10%. A less congested race on the Democratic side, reflecting the partisan nature of the district, where Christina Hale (D) defeated three other candidates. Hale is a former member of the Indiana House of Representatives and ran for Lieutenant Governor in 2016.

In IN-06 (R+18), former governor and brother of the vice-president Greg Pence (R) comfortably defeated perennial candidate Mike Campbell (R). Campbell has been on a Republican primary ballot for the last three electoral cycles without making a general election and advocated greater bipartisanship throughout his campaign. Pence will again face journalist Jeannine Lake (D) in November in a rematch of their 2018 contest, which Pence won with 64% of the vote. Lake defeated Barry Welsh and George Holland (both D) in Tuesday’s primary. 

In IN-07 (D+11) incumbent Andre Carson (D) got over 90% of the vote against perennial candidate Pierre Pullins (D). Pullins has run for this seat against Carson in every election since 2012, the 8.2% he received on Tuesday is his best performance in those contests, his challenge focused on voter fraud issues in the district. Carson will face attorney Susan Smith (R) in November after she won a six-way Republican primary on Tuesday, Smith received significant numbers of local endorsements during the primary.

In IN-08 (R+15) incumbent Larry Buschon (R) faced no primary opponent, he will face Thomasina Marsili (D) in November. Marsili defeated Mike Webster and Ron Drake (both D) in a close three-way race in Tuesday’s primary, receiving endorsements from progressive groups such as Indivisible. 

In IN-09 (R+13) incumbent Trey Hollinsworth (R) faced no opponent. Andy Ruff (D) won the five way Democratic contest to face him in November. Ruff is a former member of Bloomington city council and campaigned on his experience in government

Iowa (June 2, 2020)

First to Iowa, the state more famous for it’s first-in-the-nation caucuses which didn’t exactly run smoothly in February, in the IA-SEN (R+3) race incumbent Joni Ernst (R) was unchallenged in the Republican primary. A five-way race in the Democratic contest has been won by businesswoman and first-time candidate Theresa Greenfield (D). Greenfield was backed by state party figures and the DSCC and beat admiral Mike Franken (D), who was endorsed by the Des Moines Register:

In IA-01 (D+1), incumbent Abby Finkenauer (D) was unchallenged, she’ll face Ashley Hinson (R) in November after she comfortably defeated Thomas Hanson (R) in Tuesday’s primary. Hinson is a current member of the Iowa House and a former journalist and had been endorsed by governor Kim Reynolds and Lieutenant Governor Adam Gregg. This will be a close race in November, Finkenauer first won this seat in 2018.

IA-02 (D+1) is an open seat due to the retirement of Dave Loebsack (D). Iowa State Senator Rita Hart (D) is the Democratic nominee and was unopposed on Tuesday. She’ll face perennial candidate Mariannette Miller-Meeks (R) who beat four other candidates in the Republican primary, only Bobby Schilling (R) was competitive. Miller-Meeks has previously lost three general elections to Loebsack, this could be much closer come November. 

IA-03 (R+1) saw incumbent Cindy Axne (D) advance without challenge. She’ll face a rematch with David Young (R), the former Representative she ousted in 2018 after he defeated Bill Schafer (R) in the Republican primary on Tuesday. As with IA-01 and IA-02 expect this to be very close in November.

In IA-04 (R+11) incumbent Steve King (R) has been defeated by State Senator Randy Feenstra (R) in the Republican primary. King has a long history of racist comments and Feenstra was able to brand him ineffective once he lost committee assignments and fell out with Republican Party leadership last year. Feenstra will face J.D. Scholten (D) in November who ran unopposed on Tuesday, Scholten ran King close in 2018 but this should be a comfortable win for Feenstra.

Kansas (August 4, 2020)

In the KS-SEN (R+13) relief for establishment Republicans as Representative Roger Marshall (R) defeated Kris Kobach (R). Kobach was seen as ideologically extreme and a potential threat in the general election (some Democratic groups even released adverts positioning him as the true conservative in the hope of facing him) due to his severe views on immigration and voting rights. Kobach lost the governor’s race in 2018. Marshall will face state Senator Barbara Bollier (D) who defeated Robert Tillman (D) in the Democratic primary.

In the open district of KS-01 (R+24) there were primaries in both parties. The four-way Republican race was won by former Lieutenant Governor Tracey Mann (R) with Bill Clifford (R) in second. Both candidates publicly aligned with Trump and argued their experience made them the best candidate for the district. Mann will face Kali Barnett (D) in November after she defeated Christy Davis (D) in Tuesday’s primary. Both Democrats were first time candidates and touted their Kansas values and knowledge of this rural district. Mann will win comfortably here in this deep red district in November.

KS-02 (R+10) saw a defeat for incumbent Steve Watkins (R) to State Treasurer Jake LaTurner (R) in the Republican primary. The contest focused on Watkins being charged with three felonies relating to voter fraud. In the Democratic primary, Topeka Mayor Michelle De La Isla (D) comfortably defeated political science graduate student James Windholz (D). Windholz stood on a progressive policy platform, De La Isla had more moderate positions.

In KS-03 (R+4) there was no Democratic challenge to Sharice Davids who flipped this seat blue in 2018. Republicans are targeting the district in November. Amanda Adkins won the five-way Republican race ahead of Sara Hart Wier, both candidates focused on moderate issue positions and endorsements from groups such as Main Street Partnership. Neither mentioned Trump directly during the campaign.

KS-04 (R+15) saw no primaries meaning incumbent Ron Estes (R) will take on challenger Laura Lombard (D) in November.

Kentucky (June 23, 2020)

Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R) had no problem comfortably defeating six other Republicans and receiving over 80% of the vote in the KY-SEN (R+15). Wesley Morgan came second with just 6.2% of the vote. The greater interest was on the Democratic side, where veteran Amy McGrath (D), who had raised over $40million and was endorsed by Chuck Schumer, defeated Charles Booker, in a continuation of the establishment-progressive cleavage now present in the party. McGrath defeated Booker by 15,000 votes, after the race tightened in recent weeks following McGrath’s initial statement that she would have voted to confirm Brett Kavanaugh and the murder of Breonna Taylor in Louisville further energised Black voters. Booker won more populous Jefferson and Fayette counties, but McGrath’s lead elsewhere was enough to give her victory state-wide.

In the House, there were no primaries in KY-01 (R+23) where incumbent James Comer (R) will take on James Rhodes (D) in November. In KY-02 (R+19) incumbent Brett Guthrie (R) had no problem against QAnon conspiracist and 9/11 ‘truther’ Kathleen Free (R). Comer will take on Hank Linderman (D) in November. In KY-03 (D+6) incumbent John Yarmuth (D) faced no challenger, while the Republican race remains too close to call, Rhonda Palazzo leads Mike Craven by 130 votes.  

In KY-04 (R+18) incumbent Thomas Massie (R) survived a challenge in an expensive primary that centered on race. Challenger Todd McMurty (R) criticized Massie for having Confederate flags at his house, while Massie pointed to tweets from McMurty that included racist tropes. Massie will face Alexandra Owensby (D) in November after she defeated Shannon Fabert (D). Owensby positioned herself as the more moderate candidate, while Fabert had more progressive policy positions. The candidates avoided attacking each other and instead focused their attacks on Massie. 

KY-05 (R+31) saw incumbent Harold Rogers (R) take over 90% of the vote against challenger Gerardo Serrano (R) who ran for office after claiming the government took his truck illegally : Rogers will face Matthew Best (D) in November.

Incumbent Andy Barr (R) comfortably saw off two challengers in the Republican primary, winning over 90% of the vote in KY-06 (R+9). Former marine and police officer Josh Hicks beat progressive Daniel Kemph in the Democratic primary and will face Barr in November.


Maine (July 20, 2020)

The Maine Senate ME-SEN (D+3) seat is a top target for Democrats who are trying to unseat incumbent Susan Collins (R). DSCC favorite and Speaker of the Maine House of Representatives Sara Gideon (D) comfortably managed to hold off progressive challengers Elizabeth Sweet and Bre Kidman (both D) in Tuesday’s primary. Gideon has already raised over $23 million to take on Collins in November in a seat that is at the center of the Democratic plan to recapture the Senate. Keep your eyes on this race later in the year.

No primaries in ME-01 (D+8) where incumbent Chellie Pingree (D) will face challenger Jay Allen (R) in November. In the vast ME-02 (R+2) Dale Crafts (R) is leading a three-way race to challenge incumbent Jared Golden (D). Golden was first elected in 2018 and this district is a Republican target.

Maryland (June 2, 2020)

In Maryland’s first district MD-01 (R+14) incumbent Andy Harris (R) defeated Jorge Delgado (R). Delgado challenged Harris to the right, claiming he was not sufficiently supportive of President Trump’s America First agenda, despite being among the most conservative Republicans in Congress. The Democratic primary remains too close to call between Allison Galbraith and Mia Mason (both D) who are separated by less than 400 votes, Jennifer Pingley (D) is a distant third. That Galbraith is leading should come as a particular surprise given she withdrew from the race on 22nd April and threw her support behind Pingley. A very strange situation, if Galbraith wins it may go back to the state party to nominate a candidate.

In MD-02 (D+11) incumbent Dutch Ruppersberger (D) defeated challengers Michael Feldman and Jake Pretot (both D) in the Democratic primary. Feldman had some progressive endorsements and challenged Ruppersberger from the left. A seven-way race for the Republican nomination sees Johnny Salling (R) currently leading, this race remains close with no candidate above 20% and lots of votes yet to be counted.

In MD-03 (D+13) incumbent John Sarbanes (D) comfortably defeated attorney Jospeh Ardito and perennial candidate John Rea (both D). He’ll face Charles Anthony (R) once again in November after he won a five-way Republican primary to set up a repeat of the 2018 election, Sarbanes received 69% of the vote last time.

MD-04 (D+28) saw incumbent Anthony Brown (D) defeat progressive Shelia Bryant and Kim Shelton (both D), Bryant positioned herself as a left alternative to Brown, a comparative moderate in this deep blue district. In the Republican race George McDermott (R) defeated Eric Loeb and Nnabu Eze (R). McDermott lost to Brown in the 2016 and 2018 general elections and lost in the district’s Democratic primary in 2012. 

In MD-05 (D+18) House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer (D) saw off a progressive challenge from Mckayla Wilkes (D) and three other fringe candidates as fears of a greater threat proved unfounded. His November opponent is yet to be decided, with Chris Palombi (R) and Doug Sayers (R) separated by less than 400 votes in a five-way Republican race.

In MD-06 (D+6) incumbent David Trone (D) defeated progressive challenger Max Bero (D) who criticised him for not fighting for health care and climate change. Trone will face Neil Parrott (R) in November after he defeated two other Republicans in Tuesday’s primary.

In MD-07 (D+34) Kweisi Mfume (D), recently elected to the office upon the death of Elijah Cummings (D), won a 19-way race. Maya Cummings (D), wife of Elijah, came a distant second. Mfume previously held this office between 1987 and 1996. Republicans had a six-way contest which was won by Kimberly Klacik (R). Mfume defeated Klacik in the special election on 28th April of this year and will be expected to do the same in November.

In MD-08 (D+14) progressive incumbent Jamie Raskin saw off three Democratic challengers who all failed to reach 10% of the vote. Raskin will face Gregory Coll (R) in November after he won a six-way Republican primary, Coll campaigned on his experience in business during the primary. 

Massachusetts (September 1, 2020)

The most noteworthy contest here was the Democratic primary for the MA-SEN (D+12) where progressive incumbent Ed Markey was challenged by the MA-04 incumbent and member of the Kennedy family, Joe Kennedy. The campaign was pitted as a progressive versus establishment battle, though some notable moderates such as Joe Manchin also came out in support for Markey. Markey managed to hold on, winning just over 55% of the vote. He’ll face Kevin O’Connor (R) in November, O’Connor defeated conspiracy theorist Shiva Ayyadurai in the Republican primary.

An eventful Democratic primary in MA-01 (D+12) saw incumbent Richard Neal defeat progressive Holyoke Mayor Alex Morse. Morse challenged Neal from the left, but his campaign was derailed by accusations in the University of Massachusetts student newspaper that Morse – who is gay – had sexual relations with students while working as a guest lecturer at the university. There is currently no Republican candidate for the district.

There were no primaries in MA-02 (D+9) or MA-03 (D+9), Democratic incumbents James McGovern and Lori Trahan will be on the ballot, McGovern will face Tracy Lovvorn (R) while Trahan has no Republican opponent.


Joe Kennedy running for Senate meant an open seat in MA-04 (D+9) which resulted in a nine-way Democratic primary. The contest was run by former-Republican Jake Auchincloss who promised to work across the aisle and touted his close relationship with the state’s popular moderate Republican governor Charlie Baker, Auchincloss previously worked on Baker’s 2014 campaign. Progressive Jesse Mermell, who received the endorsement of Ayanna Pressley, came in second, with five candidates receiving over 10% of the vote and Auchincloss winning with 22%. Attleboro City Councilor and veteran Julie Hall won the Republican primary, abstaining from mentioning President Trump in her campaign literature, defeating Trump-supporter David Rosa.

There were no primaries in MA-05 (D+18) where incumbent Katherine Clark (D) will face Stoneham Selectwoman Caroline Colarusso (R) in November. Seth Moulton (D) comfortably held off two progressive challengers in MA-06 (D+6) and will face moderate Republican John Paul Moran (R) in the general election. No primaries also in MA-07 (D+34), incumbent Ayanna Pressley (D) currently has no Republican opponent.


In MA-08 (D+10) incumbent Stephen Lynch (D) held off a progressive challenge from Jamie Belsito, there is no Republican candidate for the district. No primaries took place in MA-09 (D+4) where incumbent William Keating (D) will face Helen Brady (R) in November.

Michigan (August 4, 2020)

In MI-01 (R+9) incumbent John Bergman (R) faced no primary challenge. In the Democratic primary progressive Dana Ferguson defeated former Wall Street worker Linda O’Dell in a competition which featured substantive policy differences. There were no primaries in MI-02 (R+9) where incumbent Bill Huizenga (R) will take on Brian Berghoef (D) in November.

MI-03 (R+6) is an open seat following Justin Amash’s retirement. Peter Meijer won the five-way Republican primary to replace him ahead of Lynn Afendoulis. No ideological differences between these candidates who focused on their commitment to President Trump’s policy platform. There was no Democratic primary, Hillary Scholten will be the party’s candidate in November.

Incumbent John Moolenaar (R) faced no opponent in MI-04 (R+10). The Democratic battle to face him between economics professor Jerry Hilliard and geologist Anthony Feig was won by Hilliard, the campaign focused on their respective policy fields. In MI-05 (D+5), incumbent Daniel Kildee (D) was unopposed. In the Republican primary Tim Kelly defeated Earl Lackie in a contest between two comparative moderates which focused on the competence of the incumbent.

Moderate incumbent Fred Upton (R) was once again challenged from the right of his party in MI-06 (R+4), this time from Russian-born Elena Oelke who ran on an America First platform. Upton will face Jon Hoadley (D) in November after he defeated Jen Richardson in the Democratic primary. Both Hoadley and Richardson ran on progressive platform but Hoadley secured endorsements from notable state and national figures and progressive groups including the Progressive Change Campaign Committee. There were no primaries in MI-07 (R+7) where incumbent Tim Walberg (R) will face Gretchen Driskell (D) in November.

Incumbent Elissa Slotkin (D) faced no in-party challenge in MI-08 (R+4) in a seat Republicans are targeting. She’ll face Paul Junge after he won the four-way Republican primary ahead of Mike Detmer, candidates focused their attacks on the incumbent, describing her as a radical socialist. No challenge either in MI-09 (D+4) for incumbent Andy Levin (D). In an ideologically divided Republican primary, Trump supporting Charles Langworthy defeated comparative moderate Gabi Grossbad, Grossbad attempted to appeal to the “forgotten middle” voters who now felt distant from either party.

In the open seat in MI-10 (R+13) progressive Kimberly Bizon defeated comparative moderate Kelly Noland in the Democratic primary, though the contest attracted little party interest due to the nature of the district. The three-way Republican primary among the party’s right was won by Lisa McClain. McClain positioned herself as an outsider, having never previously held public office. State Representative Shane Hernandez was endorsed by Ted Cruz and argued his experience in public office was important. 

In MI-11 (R+4), another target for Republicans, incumbent Haley Stevens (D) faced no primary opponent, having flipped the seat in 2018.  Eric Esshaki (R) looks set to be her opponent in November, he currently leads a five-way Republican primary from Carmelita Greco. Both candidates tied their candidacies to Trump, he carried the district by four points in 2016.

In MI-12 (D+14) incumbent Debbie Dingell (D) saw off a progressive challenger in the form of Solomon Rajput (D), she’ll face Jeff Jones (R) in the general after he was unopposed in the Republican primary. In MI-13 (D+32) there was expectation of a close race between incumbent Rashida Tlaib (D) and Brenda Jones (D). Two years ago, there was a special election on the same day as the primary, Tlaib won the primary but Jones won the special election as additional Black candidates in the primary split her vote. In 2020 Jones focused on Tlaib’s record of delivering resources to the district as well as her style and language (Tlaib famously said she would “impeach the mother***er” about Trump). Race remained a secondary factor in this majority-Black district, but Tlaib won relatively comfortably 66-34. The Republican primary also focused on Tlaib, framing her as an ideological extremist who was the source of the country’s problems. David Dudenhoefer defeated Linda Sawyer in a Republican primary between Trump-aligned candidates.

In MI-13 (D+30) progressive incumbent Brenda Lawrence (D) faced a centrist challenge in the form of Terrance Morrison. Morrison took several positions, including pro-life stances, more commonly found in the Republican Party. The Republican primary garnered little interest and Robert Patrick defeated Daryle Houston in a contest between comparative moderates which focused on national issue positions.

Minnesota (August 11, 2020)

In the MN-SEN (D+1) race, incumbent Tina Smith (D) comfortably saw off progressive challenger Paula Overby in the Democratic primary. Former congressman Jason Lewis (R) will be her Republican opposition in November after he won a five-way primary focused on candidates’ ability to win the general election. Smith has only been in the seat since 2017.

There were no primaries in MN-01 (R+5) or MN-02 (R+2) where Representatives James Hagedorn (R) and Angela Craig (D) will take on Dan Feehan (D) and Tyler Kistner (R) respectively in November. In MN-03 (D+1), incumbent Dean Phillips (D) saw off progressive challenger Cole Young. Young’s campaign focused on generational inequality and attacked Phillips’ personal wealth. In the Republican primary, Kendall Qualls defeated environmental campaigner and perennial candidate Leslie Davis.

In MN-04 (D+14) incumbent Betty McCollum (D) defeated progressive challenger Alberder Gillespie in the Democratic primary. The Republican primary was won by Gene Rechtzigel (R), whose platform and website are both somewhat bizarre and definitely worth a look (, Rechtzigel defeated Sia Lo.  

The Minnesota primary that undoubtably attracted the most attention was the challenge by Antone Melton-Meaux to incumbent Ilhan Omar (D) in MN-05 (D+26). Melton-Meaux challenged Omar from the center, deriding her for propagating hyper-partisan politics which he claimed had helped paralyze Congress, and stating that she wanted to cash in on her celebrity and status for personal benefit through “a steady buzz of tweeting, name-calling, and grandstanding”. Omar held off the challenge, winning almost two-thirds of the vote in the process. Her Republican opponent will be Lacy Johnson who won a three-way Republican primary which focused on Omar’s identity, ideological position, and conduct.

In MN-06 (R+12) incumbent Tom Emmer (R) defeated perennial challenger Patrick Munro for the third time in a Republican primary. Munro challenged Emmer over global trade, arguing that less trade with China was necessary for the American economy. Emmer will face Tawnja Zahradka (D) in November, she was unchallenged for the Democratic nomination.

MN-07 (R+12) voted for Trump by 30 points in 2016 but has a conservative Democrat incumbent, Colin Peterson (D). Peterson was challenged in the Democratic primary by Alycia Gruenhagen, who said her credentials were more conservative than the Peterson’s and that her history in the district would make her a stronger candidate to defend the seat. High Republican interest resulted a five-way primary which was won by former Lieutenant Governor Michelle Fischbach. Fischbach focused on her record in office, Dave Hughes came in second by campaigning on the need for an outsider to win the district.

In MN-08 (R+4) incumbent Pete Stauber (R) won over 90% of the vote against centrist challenger and ‘Lincoln Democrat’ Harry Welty (R). He’ll face former Baxter City Council member Quinn Nystrom (D) who was unopposed.

Mississippi (March 11, 2020)

In the MS-SEN incumbent Cindy Hyde-Smith (R) didn’t face any challenger and so will be on the ballot in November. Hyde-Smith was first elected in a special election in 2018. She’ll face off against former Secretary of Agriculture Mike Epsy (D) in a repeat of that 2018 race. Epsy comfortably defeated his two primary opponents Tobey Bartee and Jensen Bohren, securing over 90% of the vote. 

In the House of Representatives MS-01 there were no primaries. Incumbent Trent Kelly (R) will face law professor Antonia Eliason (D) in November.

In MS-02 there were contest in both parties. Incumbent Bennie Thompson (D) had no problems against challenger Sonia Rathburn, winning 94% of the vote. The Republican race will go to a runoff between Brian Flowers and Thomas Carey after neither managed to win 50%, B.C. Hammond was eliminated. There was only 1.5% between the top-two candidates.

Over in MS-03 incumbent Michael Guest (R) took almost 90% of the vote against challenger James Tulp. In the Democratic race Dorothy Benford had no problems getting past Katelyn Lee, winning 64% of the vote and will take on Guest in November. Benford ran for Mississippi Public Service Commission last year, losing in the Democratic primary.

In MS-04 no Democratic candidates stood. Incumbent Steven Palazzo (R) will serve another two years, after defeating three other Republicans in the primary, winning 67% of the vote.

Missouri (August 4, 2020)

In MO-01 (D+29) incumbent William Lacy Clay (D) was defeated by progressive activist and nurse Cori Bush (D). Clay’s family have held the seat for over 50 years, Bush mounted the same challenge in 2018 but received significantly more funding this cycle and earned endorsements from national groups such as Justice Democrats. The loss continues a trend of progressives winning safely Democratic districts. It is worth noting that Clay was no moderate, having supported Medicare for All and the Green New Deal while in Congress. Support for these policies prevented many progressives, including Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, from endorsing Bush. Bush will face Anthony Rogers (R) in November after he beat Winnie Heartstrong (R) in the Republican primary, Rogers took positions significantly further to the right than Heartstrong during that contest.

No primaries in M0-02 (R+8) where state representative Jill Schupp (D) will take on incumbent Ann Wagner (R). Democrats are taking this race seriously for November.

In M0-03 (R+18) incumbent Blaine Luetkemeyer (R) had no problem holding off four other challengers, winning almost 75% of the vote. Brandon Wilkinson came second, challenging Leutkemeyer to the right and calling career politicians “swamp creatures.” Megan Rezabek (D) defeated Dennis Oglesby (D) in Tuesday’s Democratic primary, running on a progressive platform while he touted his business credentials and experience.

MO-04 (R+17) saw incumbent Vicky Hartzler (R) fend off a challenge from Neal Gist (R). Gist is a permaculture developer who lives off-grid to “acquire individual liberty”; his campaign had a libertarian bent. Lindsey Simmons was unchallenged in the Democratic primary and advances.

In MO-05 (D+7) incumbent Emmanuel Cleaver (D) defeated progressive challenger Maite Salazar (D). The race had a similar dynamic to MO-01, Cleaver is a relatively progressive incumbent deemed not progressive enough by his challenger, however this district is far less Democratic. A six-way Republican contest was won by Ryan Derks from Jerry Barham. Derks ran on a pro-Trump America First platform, whereas Barham – who served in the state House of Representatives in the 1990s, had a more establishment platform.

MO-06 (R+16) saw incumbent Sam Graves defeat Chris Ryan in the Republican primary. Ryan had previously challenged Graves in 2012, 2014 and 2016. The 20% he received on Tuesday is his best result, he said “I feel a fun campaign coming in 2022.” Graves looks likely to face Gena Ross who currently leads a five-way Democratic primary from Ramona Farris.

Incumbent Billy Long (R) defeated four challengers in MO-07 (R+23), Eric Harleman (R) came in second with a challenge from the right that included extreme positions  on policies such as the 2nd amendment “I would love to have a Sherman Tank” and abortion “if you can’t feed ‘em don’t breed ‘em.” He also claimed the incumbent had bought the district without specifics. Long will face Teresa Montseny (D) in November.

No primaries in MO-08 (R+24) where incumbent Jason Smith (R) will face Kathy Ellis (D).

Montana (June 2, 2020)

In the Montana Senate primary MT-SEN (R+11) former governor Steve Bullock defeated two minor challengers to take the Democratic nomination. He’ll face incumbent Steve Daines (R) who faced a similarly weak primary field on Tuesday night in the Republican race. This is a seat the Democrats are targeting as they attempt to win back the Senate in November and it promises to be a close race.

The open race at-large district MT-AL (R+11) saw Kathleen Williams (D) defeated Tom Winter (D) in the Democratic primary. Williams campaigned on her history of public service in the state and ability to work across the aisle to get things done. She’ll face state auditor and former member of the Montana Legislature Matt Rosendale. This seat became vacant following the decision of Greg Gianforte (R) to run for governor and leans Republican.

Nebraska (May 12, 2020)

Despite the coronavirus, primary voters in Nebraska’s three congressional districts went to the polls on Tuesday with few notable results. All four Republican incumbents will be on the ballot again in November, as the Democratic contests saw a continuation of establishment vs. progressive intraparty division.

In the NE-SEN (R+14) race, incumbent Ben Sasse (R) faced a challenge to his right from Matt Innis (R) who claimed he was the conservative in the race who would support President Trump. Sasse won the primary 75-25 and will face Chris Janicek (D) in November. Janicek came through a crowded field and won with 31% of the vote having been defeated in the primary two years ago on a good governance platform stating “it’s not about moving further right or moving further left. It’s about moving out state and this country forward for all of us.”

In NE-01 (R+11) incumbent Jeff Fortenberry (R) received no primary challenger and will be firm favourite for re-election in November. He will face Nebraska Legislature member Kate Bolz (D) who defeated progressive Babs Ramsey (D). Ramsey campaigned on universal healthcare, trade, and climate change, while Bolz focused on the impact of coronavirus on health and the economy, stating “we need to bring some common sense and common ground back to Washington, D.C.”

In NE-02 (R+4) incumbent Donald Bacon (R) will face a re-run of the 2018 match up with Kara Eastman (D). On Tuesday, Bacon comfortably defeated Paul Anderson (R) while progressive Eastman beat comparative moderate Ann Ashford (D). Gladys Harrison (D) finished a distant third. This district will likely be competitive in November, Bacon won 51-49 in 2018. A DCCC source leaked that their internal polling has Eastman up 48-47 over Bacon. A race worth keeping an eye on.

In NE-03 (R+27) incumbent Adrian Smith (R) comfortably defeated four challengers including Aaron Kowalski (R) and Justin Moran (R). Smith looks to have received over 80% of the votes and will face Mark Elworth (D) who advanced to the general without a primary contest. Smith will almost certainly be re-elected in November.

Nevada (June 9, 2020)

Nevada are continuing to count ballots, but we can say that all four incumbents survived their primary challenges and will be on the ballot in November. Dana Titus (D) in NV-01 (D+15), Mark Amodei (R) in NV-02 (R+7), Susie Lee (D) in NV-03 (R+2) and Steven Horsford (D) in NV-04 (D+3) all won their incumbent primaries comfortably.

New Hampshire (September 8, 2020)

In NH-SEN (EVEN), incumbent Jeanne Shaheen (D) had no problems against two challengers, receiving over 90% of the vote, peace activist Paul Krautmann (D) was second with 4%. In the Republican primary, Donald Trump-endorsed Corky Messner defeated veteran Don Boldoc. Boldoc had a more moderate platform and was endorsed by Jeb Bush.

In NH-01 (R+2), incumbent Chris Pappas (D) was unchallenged in the Democratic primary. In the Republican contest is was a battle of the Matts as Trump-endorsed Matt Mowers defeated state politician Matt Mayberry. Mayberry’s campaign focused on the fact that Mowers had until recently lived in New Jersey and claimed he had been involved in writing gun control laws in the state.

In NH-02 (D+2), incumbent Ann Kuster (D) defeated self-proclaimed ‘progressive-libertarian’ Sanders supporter Joseph Mirzoeff who challenged Kuster from the left with minimal support, Kuster received over 90% of the vote. The Republican primary saw local politician Steven Negron defeat Lynne Blankenbeker and two other candidates in a contest between moderates that focused on the ability to win the district with little reference to President Trump.

New Jersey (July 7, 2020)

In the NJ-SEN (D+7) race, incumbent and former presidential candidate Cory Booker (D) comfortably held off a challenge to his left from Lawrence Hamm. The five-way Republican primary was won by Rikin Mehta ahead of Hirsh Singh, both candidates were relative moderates who abstained from mentioning President Trump and focused on their ability to work hard for the state, criticizing Booker in the process.

In the House, there were no primaries in NJ-01 (D+13) where incumbent Dan Norcross (D) will face Claire Gustafson (R) in November. In NJ-02 (R+1) incumbent Jeff Van Drew (R) – who was elected as a Democrat in 2018 and then changed party affiliation to the Republicans – was challenged on ideological grounds to his right by Robert Patterson in the Republican primary. A five-way Democratic primary to attempt to win the seat the party won in 2018 was won by Amy Kennedy, progressive Brigid Callahan Harrison came in second.

In NJ-03 (R+2) incumbent Andy Kim (D) was unchallenged in the Democratic primary. The Republican primary was an ideological affair, with Trump ally David Richter defeating Main Street Partnership-endorsed Kate Gibbs. NJ-04 (R+8) saw moderate Republican incumbent Chris Smith challenged by orthodox rabbi Alter Richter. Richter claimed to be a right-wing version of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D) and held extreme views in his challenge to Smith’s right. Smith will face Stephanie Schmid after she comfortably defeated progressive Christine Conforti in the Democratic primary.

In NJ-05 (R+3), incumbent Josh Gottheimer (D) defeated Bernie Sanders-endorsed Arati Kreibich (D) in the Democratic primary. A four-way Republican primary was won by Frank Pallotta who was endorsed by a slate of state politicians, Trump-supporter and Oakland Republican club president John McCann came second. In NY-06 (D+9) incumbent Frank Pallone (D) comfortably defeated progressive challenger Russell Cirincione in the Democratic primary. There is currently no Republican candidate.

Incumbent Tom Malinowski (D) was unchallenged in NJ-07 (R+3). Thomas Kean won a three-way Republican primary, making no mention of Trump during his campaign. In NJ-08 (D+27) incumbent Albio Sires (D) saw off a challenge from fellow-progressive Hector Oseguera (D) in the Democratic primary. Sires will face Jason Mushnick (R) in November, there was no contested Republican primary. Incumbent Bill Pascrell (D) was unsuccessfully challenged to his left by progressive Zinovia Spezakis in NJ-09 (D+16). The Republican primary was won by Trump-supporting immigrant Billy Prempeh, ahead of comparative moderate Timothy Walsh.

In NJ-10 (D+36) progressive incumbent Donald Payne (D) was challenged on competence grounds by fellow progressive Eugene Mazo. Mazo claimed Payne was absent and ineffective, Payne received almost 90% of the vote in a three-way contest and will face Jennifer Zinone (R) in November’s general election. No primaries in NJ-11 (R+3) means incumbent Rebecca Sherrill (D) will face Rosemary Becchi (R) in November. Incumbent Bonnie Coleman (D) was unsuccessfully challenged from the left by Sanders support Lisa McCormick in NJ-12 (D+16), she’ll face Mark Razzoli (R) in November’s general election.


New Mexico (June 2, 2020)

An open race in New Mexico for Senate NM-SEN (D+3) following the retirement of Tom Udall (D). Representative Ben Ray Lujan (D) was unopposed and so will be on the ballot in November. He’ll face Mark Ronchetti (R) who defeated two other Republicans on Tuesday by taking more moderate positions without criticising President Trump.

In the House, incumbent Deb Haaland (D) faced no primary opposition in NM-01 (D+7). She’ll face Michelle Garcia Holmes (R) in November after she defeated Jared Vander Dussen (R) and Brett Kokinadis (R) on Tuesday. Holmes has previously lost elections for Lieutenant Governor and Mayor of Albuquerque. 

NM-02 (R+6) is a key target for Republicans in November. Incumbent Xochitl Torres Small (D) faced no primary opposition and will be facing former state representative Yvette Herrell (R) after she defeated oil executive Claire Chase and businessman Chris Mathys (both R) on Tuesday. Small narrowly defeated Herrell in this seat in 2018 and this race looks set to be close again in November.

Finally, in the open seat of NM-03 (D+8) progressive Teresa Leger Fernandez (D) beat former C.I.A. officer Valerie Plame. Fernandez was endorsed by Elizabeth Warren and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez during her primary campaign.  Who Fernandez will face is not yet known, with oil & gas engineer Alexis Johnson (R) currently leading Harry Montoya (R) in the three-way Republican primary.


New York (June 23, 2020)

In NY-01 (R+5) Nancy Goroff (D) defeated progressive alternative Perry Gershon (D) in the Democratic primary. She’ll now face incumbent Lee Zeldin (R) in November who advanced to the general election without a primary challenge. In NY-02 (R+3) the retirement of Representative Peter King (R) led to open primaries in each party being won by the comparative moderate candidates. For the Democrats Jackie Gordon defeated progressive alternative Patricia Maher, while in the Republican primary, state politician Andrew Garbarino defeated Trump-supporting Mike Lipetri. Expect this race to be close in November.

Incumbent Thomas Suozzi (D) faced a progressive challenge from the left in the shape of Melanie D’Arrigo in NY-03 (D+1). George Santos will be the Republican candidate in November, he advanced without challenge. In NY-04 (D+4) incumbent Kathleen Rice (D) received no primary challengers. In the Republican primary cryptocurrency talk show host Douglas Tuman defeated Trump hardliner Cindy Grosz. 

In NY-05 (D+37) incumbent Gregory Meeks (D) fended off progressive challenger Shaniyat Chowdhury (D). The Republican Party fielded no candidate in this safe Democratic district. Grace Meng (D) was similarly challenged to the left in NY-06 (D+16) by Melquiades Gagarain. Meng will face Thomas Zmich (R) in November. Progressive incumbent Nydia Velazquez (D) was challenged by nonbinary YouTube rapper Paperboy Prince in NY-07 (D+38). Prince wanted to implement a universal basic income and use the internet to foster closer connections with his constituents. Velazquez will face Brian Kelly (R) in November.

Representative Hakeem Jeffries (D) escaped any primary challenge in NY-08 (D+36), he takes on Garfield Wallace (R) in November. Long serving incumbent Yvette Clarke (D) was challenged by New York Times endorsed community activist Adem Bunkeddeko (D) in NY-09 (D+34). Clarke now faces Constantine Jean Pierre (R) in November. Jarold Nadler (D) also faced a progressive challenger in the form of Lindsey Boylan (D) in NY-10 (D+26) and now faces Cathy Bernstein (R) in the general election.

In New York City’s only competitive district is Staten Island’s NY-11 (R+3), incumbent Max Rose (D) didn’t face any primary opponents having only won the seat in 2018. He’ll face state assembly member Nicole Malliotakis (R) in November after she defeated further-right candidate Joseph Caldarera in the Republican primary. Republicans are targeting this race in the general election. In NY-12 (D+31) incumbent Carolyn Maloney held on against progressive Suraj Patel. The Republican candidate will be Carlos Santiago Cano.

Progressive incumbents in NY-13 (D+43) and NY-14 (D+29) advanced past very different primary challengers. Adriano Espailat (D) was challenged by fellow progressive James Keith (D) in an issue-focused campaign not connected to ideology. He’ll face Lovelynn Gwinn in NY-13. Since her primary victory over Joseph Crowley two years ago Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has become one of the most known members of the congressional Democratic Party. She faced a primary from the center in the shape of TV host Michelle Caruso-Cabrera, who Ocasio-Cortez accused of taking money from conservative groups. Ocasio-Cortez will face John Cummins (R) in NY-14 in November.

The open seat in NY-15 (D+44), one of the most Democratic districts in the country initially attracted attention as Pentecostal minister and City Council Member Ruben Diaz appeared the front runner despite his opposition to abortion and LGBTQ rights. Progressives rallied and elected openly gay councilman Ritchie Torres, with fellow progressive Michael Blake in second. Torres will face Orlando Molina (R) in November.

In NY-16 (D+24) 16-term incumbent Elliot Engel was defeated by progressive educator Jamaal Bowman (D). Bowman received over $1million in funding from progressive groups such as Justice Democrats in a continuation of narrative set by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez two years ago. No Republican candidates are currently on the ballot.

Another open district NY-17 (D+7) was won by another progressive, Mondaire Jones (D) who finished ahead of comparative moderate Adam Schleifer (D) in an eight-way Democratic primary. Maureen Schulman McArdle will be the Republican candidate in November. If they win their general elections Jones and Torres will become the first openly gay Black members of Congress.

No primaries in NY-18 (R+1) where incumbent Democrat Sean Maloney will take on Republican challenger Chele Farley. In NY-19 (R+2) incumbent Democrat Antonio Delgado faced no challenge and will take on Kyle Van De Water (R) who beat Ola Hawetmeh (R) in a Republican primary between moderates focused on national issues. No primaries in NY-20 (D+7) where incumbent Paul Tonko (D) will take on Liz Joy (R) in November. No primaries either in NY-21 (R+4) where incumbent Elsie Stefanik (R) will face Tendra Cobb (D) in the general election. In NY-22 (R+6) incumbent Anthony Brindisi (D) went unchallenged and will face a rematch with former Representative Claudia Tenney after she defeated George Phillips in the Republican primary. Tenney held the seat until Brindisi defeated her in 2018. No primaries in NY-23 (R+6) where incumbent Thomas Reed (R) will take on Tracy Mitrano (D) in November.

Incumbent John Katko (R) faced no intraparty challenge in NY-24 (D+3). Progressive Dana Balter (D) won an ideologically driven Democratic primary against comparative moderate Francis Conole. Both candidates spent significant time tying the Republican incumbent to President Trump. Expect a close race here in November.  Incumbent Joseph Morelle (D) held of a progressive challenger in the shape of Robin Wilt in NY-25 (D+8). Morelle will face George Mitris (R) in November. No primaries in NY-26 (D+11) where incumbent Brian Higgins (D) will face Ricky Donovan (R) in November. Finally, in the open seat in NY-27 (R+11) Trump-supported Chirs Jacobs (R) won the primary and simultaneous special election ahead of outsider candidate Beth Parlato. Jacobs will face Nathan McMurray (D) as the incumbent in November.

North Carolina (March 3, 2020)

Rules: If the winning candidate does not receive 30% of the votes, they enter a run-off with the second placed candidate.

A comfortable win for incumbent Thom Tillis in the NC-SEN (R+3) Republican primary with almost 80% of the vote with 60% of precincts report. On the Democratic side, Army Veteran Cal Cunningham has beaten progressive alternative Erica Smith and avoided the run-off, Cunningham has 56% of the vote with 61% of precincts reporting.

NC-01 (D+17) saw no Democratic contest but Sandy Smith has had a huge victory (77%) in the Republican contest to face incumbent G.K. Butterfield in November. This is a tough ask for Smith here in November; Butterfield received 70% of the vote in 2018. NC-02 (R+7) was an open contest. There was no Republican race, but Deborah Ross has a resounding victory over (70%) Monika Johnson Hostler in the Democratic primary. She'll face Alan Swain (R) in November. There were no contests in NC-03 (R+12) so it will be incumbent Greg Murphy (R) against Darryl Farrow (D) in November. NC-04 (D+17) saw a comfortable win for incumbent David Price (D) who will be challenged by Robert Thomas (R) in November. Thomas avoided a run-off, coming through a four-way race with almost 50% of the vote.

There was no challenge to incumbent Virginia Foxx (R) in NC-05 (R+10) where David Brown beat Eric Hughes in the Democratic primary. Brown was Democratic candidate in NC-10 in 2018, losing to Patrick McHenry. There were two open contests in NC-06 (R+9). Lee Haywood defeated Laura Pichardo in the Republican race and Kathy Manning emerging from a field of five Democrats without needing a run-off. Manning was the Democratic candidate for NC-13 in 2018, losing to Ted Budd. NC-07 (R+9) saw no challenge to incumbent David Rouzer (R). For the Democrats Christopher Ward defeated Mark Judson and Robert Colon. Ward prioritized his North Carolina roots and advocated a competence narrative throughout the primary contest. There were no contests in NC-08 (R+8) where Patricia Timmons-Goodson (D) will face incumbent Richard Hudson (R) in November.

After huge problems which resulted a special election last cycle there is no challenge to incumbent Dan Bishop (R) in NC-09 (R+8). Cynthia Wallace comfortably defeated three other Democrats to challenge Bishop in November. Wallace touted her business experience in the financial industry and is the chair of the 9th District Democratic Party. In NC-10 (R+12) two challengers to incumbent Patrick McHenry (R) were comfortably seen off. No contest on the Democratic side meaning former state party chair David Parker will be on the ballot in November. An open contest in NC-11(R+14) resulted in crowded fields in both parties here. Moe Davis will be the Democratic nominee, but the Republicans are going to need a run-off to separate Lynda Bennett (22.7%) & Madison Cawthorn (20.4%), Jim Davis was a close 3rd (19.3%). In NC-12 (D+18) incumbent Alma Adams (D) had no problems (88%) from challenger Keith Cradle. No contest on the Republican side, where Bill Brewster had originally filed but was disqualified after the filing deadline. It’s not clear at this stage if there will a Republican on the ballot in November, if there is it will probably be Brewster. Finally, NC-13 (R+6) saw no contests so incumbent Ted Budd (R) will face Scott Huffman (D). Huffman lost the Democratic primary for NC-08 in 2018.

North Dakota (June 9, 2020)

ND-AL (R+14), the state’s at-large congressional district, incumbent Kelly Armstrong (R) faced no challenge from within his party. He’ll face Zach Raknerud (D) in November after he defeater Roland Riemers (D) in Tuesday’s primary. Racknerud is a retail manager and had previously run for the state house, Riemers was the Democratic nominee back in 1996. Armstrong should safely hold the state in November.


In OH-01 (R+5) incumbent Steve Chabot (R) received no intraparty challenge. In the Democratic primary Kate Schroder defeated Nikki Foster in a primary which featured few policy differences and instead focused on failings of the incumbent. In OH-02 (R+9) Trump-aligned incumbent Brad Wenstrup (R) was challenged by Robert Harris, a comparative moderate who advocated more bipartisanship in Congress. Wenstrup will face Jamie Castle (D) in November.

In OH-03 (D+19) incumbent Joyce Beatty (D) was challenged by progressive Morgan Harper. Harper had the support of notable national progressive groups and politicians. In the Republican primary comparative moderates Mark Richardson and Cleophus Dulaney focused their attacks on Beatty’s record, particularly within the district, Richardson advances to the general election.

In OH-04 (R+14) incumbent Jim Jordan (R) was unchallenged in the Republican primary. Shannon Freshour defeated Jeffrey Sites in a Democratic primary which focused on history and experience of working in the district. Like Jordan, Bob Latta (R) was unchallenged in OH-05 (R+11). The Democratic primary saw two relative progressives, Nick Rubando and Gene Redinger compete in a policy focused race fought over national issues. Rubando advances through to November.

In OH-06 (R+16) incumbent Bill John (R) comfortably saw off a challenge to the right in the shape of Kenneth Morgan (R). He’ll face Shawna Roberts (D) in November as there was no Democratic primary. Incumbent Robert Gibbs (R) is the only major party candidate in OH-07 (R+12) with no Democrat on the ballot. Incumbent Warren Davidson (R) saw off a minor challenge from the center in the form of Edward Meer (R) in OH-08 (R+17), Davidson received over 90% of the vote. The Democratic primary was a policy-driven contest between comparative moderate Vanessa Enoch and progressive Matt Guyette, which Enoch won comfortably.

In OH-09 (D+14) incumbent Marcy Kaptur (D) saw off progressive challenger Peter Rosewicz (D). The Republican primary also centered on Kaptur with both Rob Weber and Timothy Corrigan making the case that she had been in Congress too long; Weber will face her in November. Incumbent Mike Turner (R) saw off an ideological challenge to his right from perennial candidate John Anderson in OH-10 (R+4). An ideological contest in the district’s Democratic primary as Desiree Tims defeated progressive Eric Moyer to face Turner in November.

In OH-11 (D+32) incumbent Marcia Fudge (D) defeated Tariq Shabazz and two other challengers. Shabazz argued Fudge had been in Congress too long, Fudge received over 90% of the vote. Laverne Gore defeated Jonah Schulz in the Republican primary, attacking Fudge on the same grounds of length of service in Washington, expect voters to extend her stay in November.

Incumbent Troy Balderson (R) saw off an intraparty challenge from Tim Day (R) in OH-12 (R+7) which focused on his performance in Washington. Balderson will meet Alaina Shearer (D) in November after won a Democratic primary focused on healthcare policy ahead of nurse Jenny Bell (D). In OH-13 (D+7) incumbent Tim Ryan (D) had no primary opponent. The district’s five-way Republican primary focused on ability to beat Ryan and was won by Christina Hagan ahead of Louis Lyras.

In OH-14 (R+5) and OH-15 (R+7) moderate Republican incumbents David Joyce and Steve Stivers saw off ideological challenges from Mark Pitrone and Shelby Hunt. Democrats Hillary O’Connor Mueri and Joel Newby are their respective opponents in November, Newby saw off a progressive challenge from Daniel Kilgore in the OH-15 Democratic primary to advance. Finally, in OH-16 (R+8) incumbent Anthony Gonzalez (R) had no Republican challenger. The district’s Democratic primary featured two relative progressives who focused on Gonzalez’s shortcomings; Aaron Godfrey overcame Ronald Karpus and will face the incumbent in November.

Oklahoma (June 30, 2020)

In the OK-SEN (R+20) incumbent Jim Inhofe (R) saw off three challengers, JJ Stitt (R) finished second with 15% of the vote. Stitt is a former law enforcement officer, farmer and guns rights activist who claimed that the incumbent had been in Washington too long. Inhofe will face Abby Broyles (D) after she defeated three other Democrats in Tuesday’s primary, taking over 60% of the vote in the four way race. Broyles is a former television reporter and attorney whose campaign focused on willingness to work across parties. 

In the House, in OK-01 (R+17) incumbent Kevin Hern (R) advanced without a primary challenger on Tuesday. He’ll face Kojo Asamoa-Caesar (D) in November after he beat Mark Keeter (D) in Tuesday’s Democratic primary. Asamoa-Caesar is running on a progressive platform of universal healthcare, student debt cancellation, 100% renewable energy and reparations. 

In OK-02 (R+24) incumbent Markwayne Mullin (R) defeated state senator Joseph Silk and Rhonda Hopkins (both R) taking 80% of the vote. Both challenged Mullin over his inability to work effectively in Washington. Mullin will face Danyell Lanier (D) in November, there was no Democratic primary.

In OK-03 (R+27) there were no primaries in either party meaning incumbent Frank Lucas (R) will take on business owner and self-proclaimed “ranch Democrat” Zoe Midyett (D) in November.

There were contested races in both parties in OK-04 (R+20). Incumbent Tom Cole (R) defeated James Taylor (R) and two other challengers. Taylor criticized Cole for being too focused on “political victories” at the expense of constituents in the district. Cole will face May Brannon (D) in November after she defeated David Slemmons and John Argo (both D) on Tuesday to set up a rematch of the 2018 election, which Cole won 63-33.

In OK-05 (R+10) incumbent Kendra Horn (D) comfortably defeated Tom Guild (D) on Tuesday. Guild ran on a progressive platform with endorsement from former presidential candidate Marianne Williamson. Horn won the district in 2018, having been held by the Republican Party for the previous 40 years, and the district is a top Republican target for November, with nine candidates in Tuesday’s primary. Businesswoman Terry Neese and state Senator Stephanie Bice (both R) advanced from the field and will contest the run-off on August 25th. Horn has already raised over $2million for the general election.


Oregon (May 19, 2020)

As other states scheduled for May 19th moved their down ballot races into June due to Coronavirus, Oregon held an all-mail contest. Oregon has held its elections exclusively by mail since 1998.

In the OR-SEN (D+5) incumbent Jeff Merkley (D) was unopposed. The Republican race to challenge him in November was won by Jo Rae Perkins who took almost 50% of the votes. She touted her business and financial experience alongside her conservative credentials. In second place with just over 30% of the vote was Trump loyalist Paul Romero. Romero ran on a highly conservative platform and is scheduled to speak at an America First conference next month.

In the House, incumbent Suzanne Bonamici (D) won a landslide victory in OR-01 (D+9) against three challengers, all of whom currently have less than 7% of the vote with 65% reporting, with progressive alternative Amanada Siebe currently in third.  Bonamici looks set to face Christopher Christensen (R) who has almost 60% of the votes against Army Murray (R) with 48% reporting. Christensen campaigned heavily on his family’s pioneer history and extensively referenced that his great-great grandfather was a member of Congress, positioning his campaign as a legacy of stewardship. He defeated Republican Precinct Delegate Army Murray who ran a campaign on a more conservative platform.

The state’s only open race is OR-02 (R+11) where Greg Walden is retiring. Republicans picked Cliff Bentz from a field of eleven candidates despite raising significantly less money than favorite Knute Buehler (R). Bentz campaigned on his effective work in the state legislature, as Buehler tried to rebrand himself from a moderate in the previous gubernatorial race to a conservative Trump loyalist. Jason Atkinson and Jimmy Crumpacker (both R) were not far behind Buehler, Crumpacker received significant donations from pro-gun and pro-life groups. On the Democratic side, activist Alex Spenser and OurRevolution-backed Nick Heuertz are separated by less than 1,000 votes with 67% reporting. Regardless who wins, Bentz will be the strong favorite to head to Washington in this red district.

In OR-03 (D+24) incumbent Earl Blumenauer (D) had no problem holding off four challengers, receiving over 80% of the vote. Albert Lee (D) received 15% of the vote by running to the left of the progressive incumbent in this deep blue district with support from OurRevolution on a platform including a federal jobs guarantee, maximum wage, and free public transport for all. Blumenauer will face Joanna Harbour (R) in November after she Tom Harrison and Frank Hecker in the Republican primary. Harbour described her platform as “American First, Oregon First” and closely allied her positions with President Trump.

In OR-04 (EVEN) incumbent Peter DeFazio (D) defeated progressive community organizer Doyle Canning (D) in the Democratic primary. Doyle received the endorsement of Brand New Congress and local OurRevolution groups but looks set to receive less than 15% of the vote. DeFazio will face actor, writer, and former soldier Alek Skarlatos (R) in November after he defeated computer engineer Nelson Ijih (R). Skarlatos gained international recognition when he stopped a terrorist on a French train in 2015 and is currently outraising DeFazio This is a race worth keeping an eye on in November.

Finally, in OR-05 (EVEN) incumbent Kurt Schrader (D), the most moderate of Oregon’s Democratic members of congress, defeated progressive Milwaukie Mayor Mark Gamba (D). Gamba ran a campaign closely allied with Bernie Sanders and the race was seen as a test of how influential the progressive Portland suburbs would be over the rural communities and smaller towns in the district, Gamba has received 22% of the vote with 70% reporting. Andrew Yang supporter Blair Reynolds (D) came third with a universal basic income platform. Schrader will face Amy Ryan Courser (R) in November after she comfortably won a four-way race for the Republican nomination. Courser ran a campaign focused on conservative values and her experience in the district, without directly referencing President Trump. G. Shane Dinkel and Joey Nations (both R) ran on explicitly Trump-allied platforms and finished 2nd and 3rd respectively.

Pennsylvania (June 2, 2020)

Finally to Pennsylvania, where many races were uncontested on both sides: PA-02 (D+25), PA-03 (D+41), PA-04(D+7), PA-06 (D+2), PA-11 (R+14), PA-12 (R+17), PA-13 (R+22), PA-14 (R+14), PA-15 (R+20), PA-16 (R+8), PA-17(R+3) all featured no primaries in either party. Many other races only featured a primary in one of the two parties.

In PA-01 (R+1) incumbent Brian Fitzpatrick (R) remains narrowly ahead of Andy Meehan (R). Meehan has attacked Fitzpatrick for the Equality Act and has said that he has done a poor job of representing the district, Meehan’s policy positions are significantly to the right of Fitzpatrick. Christina Finello (D) won the Democratic primary ahead of Skylar Hurwitz (D). Finello received extensive party support while local OurRevolution and Sunrise groups endorsed Hurwitz.

In PA-05 (D+13) incumbent Mary Gay Scanlon (D) looks likely to face Dasha Pruett (R) in November. Preutt leads Rob Jordan after Tuesday’s Republican primary. Jordan campaign on healthcare expertise, while Preutt aligned herself more closely with President Trump. 

In PA-07 (D+1) incumbent Susan Wild (D) will face CEO Lisa Scheller (R), who is narrowly ahead of former Coca-Cola executive Dean Browning (R) in the Republican primary. Both Republicans touted their business experience as the reason they would be effective in Congress.

PA-08 (R+1) saw a close Republican primary to face incumbent Matt Cartwright (D) in November. Six candidates contested the race and Jim Bognet (R) is only marginally ahead of Teddy Daniels. Bognet tied his primary campaign to President Trump, having previously worked in the administration. Daniels also campaigned on his proximity to Trump, as well as his military and police record in a race to the right.

In PA-09 (R+14) a close contest for the Democratic nomination appears to have been won by Laura Quick over Gary Wegman (both D). Quick describes herself as a political activist and took further left positions during the primary, Wegman campaigned on his knowledge of the healthcare system. The winner will take on incumbent Dan Meuser (R) in November.

PA-10 (R+6) sees former state representative and current auditor general Eugene DePasquale (D) currently ahead of attorney and author Tom Brier (D) in the race to take on incumbent Scott Perry (R) in November. Two counties more favorable to Brier are yet to count their mail-in ballots and so this race isn’t over yet, though Brier needs to win big to overturn DePasquale’s lead.

In PA-18 (D+13) incumbent Mike Doyle (D) faced an in-party challenge from progressive Jerry Dickinson (D). Dickinson is a 33-year-old law professor and garnered over 30% of the vote running on a left leaning platform. Doyle is a moderate for the district and has been in Congress since 1995. He’ll face Luke Negron (R) in November who advanced without a primary.


Rhode Island (September 8, 2020)

There were no primaries in the RI-SEN (D+10) where incumbent Jack Reed (D) will take on Allen Waters (R) in November. There were also no contests in RI-01 (D+14) where incumbent David Ciciline is also without a Republican opponent for November. In RI-02 (D+6) incumbent James Langevin (D) saw off a challenge from progressive Dylan Conley, Conley ran on a Green New Deal and Medicare For All platform. Langevin will face former state lawmaker Robert Lancia (R) in November, Lancia defeated Donald Robbio in the Republican primary.

South Carolina (June 9, 2020)

Incumbent senator Lindsey Graham (R) comfortably defeated three challengers in the SC-SEN (R+8) Republican primary with Michael LaPierre (R) finishing second. LaPierre ran to the right of Graham, attacking him over his previous lack of support for Trump and perceived concessions to Democrats. Graham will face DNC associate chair Jaime Harrison (D) in November, Harrison faced no challenge on Tuesday.

In the House, SC-01 (R+10) looks set to be competitive in November after Joe Cunningham (D) won the seat in 2018, he faced no challengers from within his party on Tuesday. Nancy Mace (R) won the Republican primary with support from establishment Republicans. Kathy Landing (R) finished a distant second in the four-way race despite vocal support from the conservative House Freedom Caucus.

Over in SC-02 (R+12) incumbent Joe Wilson (R) held off a challenge from Springdale mayor Michael Bishop (R). Bishop said Wilson had been in Congress too long and wasn’t doing enough for the people of the district. Wilson will face Adair Boroughs (D) in November, who was nominated without challenge on Tuesday.

In SC-03 (R+19) incumbent Jeff Duncan (R) faced no in-party opponent. He’ll face perennial candidate Hosea Cleveland (D) in November in a repeat of the 2016 election. Cleveland beat Mark Welch (D) on Tuesday in a campaign focused on the ability of the incumbent to effectively represent the district.

In SC-04 (R+15) there were no primaries, meaning incumbent William Timmons (R) will face Kim Nelson (D) in November.

SC-05 (R+9) saw no in-party challenge to incumbent Ralph Norman (R). State politician and former footballer Moe Brown defeated Sidney Moore in the Democratic primary.

There were no primaries in SC-06 (D+19) where incumbent Jim Clyburn (D) will take on John McCollum (R) in November in the state’s only safely Democratic seat.

Finally, in SC-07 (R+9) incumbent Tom Rice (R) will face Melissa Watson (D) in November. Rice faced no challengers, but Watson won a three-way Democratic race to challenge him, defeating Robert Williams and William Williams (both D) on Tuesday with more than 50% of the vote. Watson advocated she was the best person to challenge Rice, claiming she would provide common sense leadership and accountability.

South Dakota (June 2, 2020)

In South Dakota, incumbent Senator Mike Rounds (R) won the Republican SD-SEN (R+14) primary against state representative Scyller Borglum (R). He’ll face former state representative Dan Ahlers (D) who was uncontested in the Democratic primary.

In the at-large congressional district SD-AL (R+14) incumbent Dusty Johnson (R) defeated Liz Marty May (R).  May ran against Trump’s trade practices which she positioned as hurting ranchers in the state. There was no Democratic primary.

Tennessee (August 6, 2020)

The TN-SEN (R+14) seat was open following Lamar Alexander’s (R) retirement. That prompted a 15-way Republican primary, largely fought between Bill Hagerty and Manny Sethi. Both candidates had fair establishment records but the contest became a race to the right, with Hagerty being endorsed by Trump, each candidate tried to paint the other as the comparative moderate in the race and as being insufficiently aligned with the president on policy matters. Hagerty won the contest 51-39. In the Democratic primary DSCC-endorsed establishment Democrat James Mackler and favorite was pushed into third place with progressive Marquita Bradshaw winning the contest.

In the House, the open seat in TN-01 (R+28) prompted a highly competitive 16-way contest in the Republican Party. First-time candidate Diana Harshbarger won the nomination, despite taking less than 20% of the vote. Harshbarger ran on a platform clearly aligned with the president, calling her other major competitions – largely state politicians – “swamp creatures” and positioning herself as a conservative outsider. In the Democratic primary Blair Washingham defeated Chris Rowe in a contest focused on history in the district.

In TN-02 (R+20) and TN-03 (R+18) incumbent Republicans Tim Burchett and Chuck Fleischmann faced no primary challenges. Burchett will face Democrat Renee Hoyes in November after she defeated progressive Chance Brown in Thursday’s primary. Fleischmann will face off against Meg Gorman (D), who had no primary.

In TN-04 (R+20) incumbent Scott DesJarlais (R) faced an in-party challenge from the right from Doug Meyer. Meyer didn’t attack DesJarlais directly but said that Republicans in Congress needed to do more to push back against liberals and had been insufficiently supportive of President Trump. DesJarlais will face Chris Hale in November after he defeated progressive activist Noelle Bivens in the Democratic primary.

In TN-05 (D+7) Blue Dog moderate Democratic incumbent Jim Cooper survived a challenge, receiving less than 60% of the vote in the Democratic primary. Public defender and legal activist Keeda Haynes – whose personal story included spending time in prison – received significant support from groups including Indivisible, her campaign focused on criminal justice, with clear ideological contrasts to Cooper. No Republican filed in the party’s primary.

There were no primaries in TN-06 (R+24) or TN-07 (R+20) where Republican incumbents John Rose and Mark Green will take on Democratic challengers Christopher Finley and Kiran Sreepada, respectively. No challenge either for incumbent David Kustoff (R) in TN-08 (R+19). Kustoff will face Erika Pearson (D) after she won a four-way Democratic primary. In TN-09 (D+28) incumbent Steve Cohen (D) defeated Corey Strong in an ideological primary focused on race. Charlotte Bergman will be the Republican candidate in November.

Texas (July 20, 2020)

Rules: Candidates here need 50% of votes to becoming the nominee, anything less and they face a run-off. There were lots of important races here, not least in the Senate.

Update on the Run-Off

In the Democratic run-off for the TX-SEN (R+8) party favorite M.J. Hegar defeated Black state Senator Royce West. Hegar is a military veteran who almost won election to the House in 2018 and had support from the DSCC. West’s campaign had performed strongly in recent weeks following anti-racism protests, he was responsible for police reform in Austin. West won in the east of the state, including Houston, Dallas, and Fort Worth, while Hegar won in Austin, San Antonio, and El Paso.

Lots of run-off activity in the House. In TX-03 (R+13) Lulu Seikaly (D) will be the Democratic candidate, beating Sean McCaffity in Tuesday’s primary. Given the Republican nature of the district, there was little party interest in the contest. In TX-10 (R+9) 2018 candidate Mike Siegel (D) defeated physician Pritesh Gandhi (D). Gandhi positioned himself as the moderate and claimed Siegel was too liberal to win.

In TX-13 (R+33), one of the most Republican districts in the country, former White House physician Ronny L. Jackson (R) will likely be the new representative, Jackson received a direct endorsement from Trump and defeated Josh Winegarner (R). Winegarner was endorsed by the current representative – Mac Thornberry – having previously worked on his staff and was considered the more moderate alternative. Jackson will face Gus Trijillo (D) in November after he beat Greg Sagan (D) in Tuesday’s Democratic run-off.

In TX-15 (D+7) Monica De La Cruz-Hernandez (R) defeated Ryan Krause (R) in a contest which attracted minimal interest and likely have little bearing in November. A similar story in TX-16 (D+17) where Irene Armendariz-Jackson (R) defeated Sam Williams (R) to advance as the Republican candidate in November.

In the open seat TX-17 (R+12) former representative Pete Sessions (R) defeated Renee Swan (R). Swan was endorsed by the retiring incumbent Bill Flores; Sessions previously represented the state’s 32nd (2003-2019) and 5th (1997-2003) districts. He’ll be favorite in November against Rick Kennedy (D) after Kennedy defeated David Jaramillo (D) in Tuesday’s primary.

In safely Democratic TX-18 (D+27) Wendell Champion (R) defeated Robert Cadena (R) in the Republican primary to face incumbent Sheila Jackson Lee (D) in November. A similar story in TX-20 (D+10) where Trump-supporting gay nightclub owner Mauro Garza (R) defeated Gary Allen (R), he’ll face Joaquin Castro (D) in November. TX-22 (R+10) will be more competitive in November, Fort Bend County sheriff Troy Nehls (R) defeated conservative activist Kathaleen Wall (R) in Tuesday’s primary. Nehls will face former diplomat and 2018 candidate Sri Preston Kulkarni (D) in November.

TX-23 (R+1) remains too close to call between Trump-endorsed Tony Gonzalez (R) and Ted Cruz-supported Raul Reyes. This is an open seat that Democrats are targeting in November. Democrats will also try to flip TX-24 (R+9) where former school board member Candace Valenzuela (D) defeated retired air force colonel Kim Olson (D) in a victory for progressives over establishment Democrats. She’ll face former Irving Mayor Beth Van Duyne (R) in November.

In TX-31 (R+10) Andrew Yang-supported Donna Imam (D) defeated physician Christine Mann (D). Finally, in TX-35 (D+15) Jenny Sharon (R) leads William Hayward (R).


In TX-SEN (R+8) incumbent John Cornyn appears to have no problems, with 75% of the vote at the time of writing. The Democratic race will be going to a run-off however and it's still unclear who the second candidate will be with 99% of precincts reporting. Establishment-backed M.J. Hegar has won the race but Royce West on 13.9% and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez backed Cristina Tzintzun Ramirez on 13.7% will both hope to finish second. Hegar will be the favorite in the run-off regardless of opposition.

In TX-01 (R+25) there was no primary for the Democrats meaning Hank Gilbert will be on the ballot in November. Incumbent Louie Gohmert (R) was challenged by Johnathan Davidson but received almost 90% of the vote. TX-02(R+11) featured no challenge to incumbent Dan Crenshaw (R). Three became two for the Democrats, with Sima Ladjevardian and Elisa Cardnell heading to the run-off. Ladjevardian narrowly missed out on avoiding the run-off (48%) and will be favorite to make it on November's ballot. TX-03 (R+13) had another unchallenged Republican incumbent, Van Taylor, and another Democratic race heading to a run-off. Lulu Seikaly narrowly beat Sean McCaffity but neither of them reached 50%. Less than 500 votes separated these candidates. There were no contests in TX-04(R+28) where challenger Russell Foster (D) and incumbent John Ratcliffe (R) went straight onto November's ballot.

In TX-05 (R+16) challenger Carolyn Salter (D) advanced to the general with no primary competition. Incumbent Lance Gooden handily defeated (85%) Don Hill in the Republican race. TX-06 (R+9) featured no primary activity. Stephen Daniel (D) will face incumbent Ron Wright (R) in November. Daniel is running an issue focused campaign focused on healthcare. In TX-07 (R+7) incumbent Lizzie Fletcher (D) didn't face any challenge from within her party. West Point and Cornell graduate Wesley Hunt avoided the need for a run-off coming through a Republican field of six candidates with 61%. Hunt campaigned on national issues, in particular against the "extreme anti-energy policies of Washington special interests and the radical Green New Deal."

In TX-08 (R+28) incumbent Kevin Brady (R) held off two challengers, receiving 81% of the vote. The Democratic race was closer with accountant Elizabeth Hernandez defeating Laura Jones. Hernandez cited her accounting experience to help solve fiscal issues and was critical of the level of national debt. In TX-09 (D+29) there were no problems (84%) for incumbent Al Green (D) against Melissa Wilson in the Democratic primary. Pastor Johnny Teague (R) also managed to avoid the need for a run-off (59%) against two other Republicans. TX-10 (R+9) held no challenge for incumbent Michael McCaul (R) but the Democrats are heading for a run-off. Mike Siegel defeated Pritesh Gandhi but neither managed 50% of the votes in a three-way race with Shannon Hutcheson.

There was an open contest in TX-11 (R+32). Only Jon Hogg stood for the Democrats in what promises to be a thankless task between now and November. Given the nature of the seat Republican interest was high with ten candidates on the ballot. August Pfluger is almost certain to be the new Representative after he managed 52% of the vote to avoid a run-off. Pluger received the endorsement of President Trump but was notably the only leading candidate who refused to commit to joining the House Freedom Caucus, stating "my oath is to the Constitution, not a caucus" In TX-12 (R+18) incumbent Kay Granger (R) survived (58%) a challenge from Chris Putnam (42%) focused on her role in spending bill negotiations. There were no problems for challenger Lisa Welch (D) (82%) against Danny Anderson but she'll face an uphill task in November.

There was an open contest in TX-13 (R+33) following Mac Thornberry's retirement. This led to run-offs on both sides as Gus Trujillo and Greg Sagan advance for the Democrats. 15 Republicans ran for this seat, with President Trump's former doctor Ronny Jackson finishing second behind Josh Winegarner, a former adviser to Senator John Cornyn. There were no run-offs needed in TX-14 (R+12) as incumbent Randy Weber (R) (85%) and teacher Adrienne Bell (D) (62%) comfortable won their respective primaries. This is a repeat of the 2018 race which Weber won 59%-39%. There was no challenge to incumbent Vicente Gonzalez (D) in TX-15 (D+7) but Monica De La Cruz-Hernandez and Ryan Krause (both R) are heading to a runoff on May 26th. Incumbent Veronica Escobar (D) faced no primary challenge in TX-16 (D+17). Sam Williams and Irene Armendariz-Jackson emerged from a field of six Republican candidates to the run-off. Williams prioritized veterans’ affairs and immigration.

TX-17 (R+12) was an open contest following the retirement of Bill Flores. For the Democrats Rick Kennedy and David Jaramillo will advance to the run-off, with Kennedy narrowly (48%) missing out on avoiding it. It proved an interesting race on the Republican side with a crowded field of 12 candidates. Former Representative Pete Sessions won the primary race and looks like he will face business owner Renee Swann. Swann, who was endorsed by the retiring Flores, finished less than 1% ahead of George Hindman in third.

No issues for incumbent Shelia Jackson Lee (D) (76%) despite facing six different challengers in TX-18 (D+27). Republicans will head to a run-off, with Wendell Champion having won the primary. He'll face either Robert Cadena or T.C. Manning who are separated by less than 200 votes with 385 of 401 precincts reporting. The challenge to incumbent Jodey Arrington (R) easily seen off (90%) in TX-19 (R+27). Only one Democrat filed meaning Tom Watson advanced straight to the general. In TX-20 (D+10) incumbent Joaquin Castro (D) had no problems (92%) against two challengers. Mauro Garza won the Republican primary but will face a run-off against either Gary Allen. There was no challenge to incumbent Chip Roy (R) in TX-21 (R+10). For the Democrats 2014 gubernatorial candidate Wendy Davis defeated Jennie Lou Leeder.

An open contest in TX-22 (R+10). Sri Kulkarni (D) advanced directly to the general after taking 53% of the vote in a four-way race. Troy Nehls and Kathaleen Wall will need a run-off to decide who will be the Republican candidate after they came through a field of 15. The winner of that run-off will be the firm favorite to win the seat in November. Another open contest TX-23 (R+1) saw Gina Ortiz Jones avoided the need for a run-off, taking 67% of the vote in the Democratic primary. Tony Gonzalez won the Republican race but will face a run-off against Raul Reyes in May to become the nominee.

One more open contest in TX-24 (R+9) saw primaries on both sides. Kim Olson and Candace Valenzuela advance to the Democratic run-off. For the Republicans Beth Van Duyne will be on the ballot in November having received 64% of the vote. In TX-25 (R+11) there were primaries in both parties as Roger Williams (R) comfortably defeated (88%) challenger Keither Neuendorf. Jule Oliver (D) won the right to face Williams in November, winning 70% of the vote against Heidi Sloan.

In TX-26 (R+18) there were no problems (74%) for incumbent Michael Burgess (R) against three Republican challengers. Carol Iannuzzi (D) also avoided the need for a run-off (55%) against two other Democrats. In TX-27

(R+13) no challenge to incumbent Michael Cloud (R). But exciting news in the Democratic primary where a De La Fuente won a primary and will be on the ballot in November! For those unfamiliar with this family there are several members who keep running (and losing) in primaries. Information on Rocky who ran in multiple races in the last two cycles is here, he's also currently running for President. Here his son Ricardo has finally brought some electoral success to the De La Fuente name. More on the family here:

TX-28 (D+9) saw no Republican primary so challenger Sandra Whitten (R) will be on the ballot. Moderate incumbent Henry Cuellar, who was supported by establishment groups finished slightly ahead (52%-48%) of Justice Democrats' endorsed Jessica Cisneros. This is a good result for moderates and the Democratic establishment, this is a pattern I expect will continue in future races this cycle. In TX-29 (D+19) there was no challenge to incumbent Slyvia Garca (D). Jaimy Blanco edged out Robert Schafranek in the Republican race. Blanco and Schafranek both failed to make the run-off in this district last time. Garcia has little to fear here in November. In TX-30 (D+29) challenger Tre Pennie was the only Republican so advanced to the general election. Incumbent Eddie Johnson had no concerns (72%) against three other Democrats. Similarly, there were no problems for incumbent John Carter (R) (82%) in TX-31 (R+10). Christine Mann and Donna Imam advanced to the Democratic run-off for the right to take on Carter in November.

There was no challenge to incumbent Colin Allred (D) in TX-32 (R+5). The Republican field featured five candidates, but the race was between Genevieve Collins and Floyd McLendon. Collins won and managed to avoid the run-off with 53% of the vote. Incumbent Marc Veasay had no problems (66%) in TX-33 (D+23). He'll face Fabian Vasquez (R) who advanced to the general without a primary. In TX-34 (D+10) incumbent Filemon Vela (D) saw off two challengers. A close Republican contest between Rey Gonzalez and Rod Lingsch was won by Gonzalez with 56% of the vote. In TX-35 (D+15) incumbent Lloyd Doggett (D) comfortably defeated (74%) challenger Rafael Alcoser. A close Republican race between three candidates resulted in a run-off between Jenny Sharon (37%) and William Hayward (34%), where Nick Moutos (29%) missed out. Finally, in TX-36 (R+26) challenger Rashad Lewis was the only Democrat who stood so will face incumbent Brian Babin (R) who comfortably navigated his primary contest (90%).

Utah (June 30, 2020)

Open seat primaries remain too close to call for both parties in UT-01 (R+16). In the two-way Democratic race between Darren Parry and Jamie Cheek, Parry leads by less than 500 votes (51%-49%). In the four-way Republican contest, Blake Moore has a lead of 2,500 votes over Bob Stevenson. 93% of precincts are currently reporting but we may not know the candidates here for another week. 

There were no primaries in UT-02 (R+16) or UT-03 (R+25), incumbents Chris Stewart and John Curtis (both R) will take on former state department employee Kael Weston and author Devin Thorpe (both D) respectively.

In UT-04 (R+13) incumbent Ben McAdams (D), who flipped the seat in 2018, was unopposed on Tuesday. Burgess Owens (R) won the four-way Republican primary ahead of Kim Coleman (R). Owens is a former NFL footballer and conservative author. 

Vermont (August 11, 2020)

In the state’s at-large district VT-AL (D+15) incumbent Peter Welch (D) comfortably defeated progressive activist Ralph Corbo, who claimed he wasn’t doing enough to prevent military spending and wars for corporate profits. Welch, also a progressive, received over 95% of the vote. Miriam Berry won the four-way Republican primary, focusing on her service as a nurse.

Virginia (June 23, 2020)

In Virginia parties decide whether they want to nominate candidates via primary or convention.

In VA-01 (R+8) incumbent Robert Whitman (R) faced no challengers. He’ll face Pakistani-born author and human rights activist Qasim Rashid (D) in November after he ran a progressive campaign to defeat Lavangelene Williams (D) in a close fought Democratic primary. In VA-02 (R+3) incumbent Elaine Luria (D) face no challengers, she’ll face state Delegate Scott Taylor (R) who beat Ben Loyola and Jarome Bell (both R) in the Republican primary. 

VA-03 (D+16) saw retired marine and civil servant John Collick (R) win the Republican nomination ahead of J.H. Downs and George Yacus (both R). Collick will face incumbent Bobby Scott (D) in the general election, there was no Democratic primary. In VA-04 (D+10) incumbent Donald McEachin (D) defeated former civil servant Cazel Levine (D). In the Republican Party, Leon Renjamin (R) was nominated by convention.

In VA-05 (R+6) Republicans deselected the incumbent, Denver Riggleman (R) and nominated Bob Good (R). He’ll face Cameron Webb (D) who comfortably won the four-way Democratic primary ahead of Claire Russo (D). Webb is a doctor who focused his campaign on healthcare.

There were no primaries in VA-06 (R+13), VA-07 (R+6), VA-08 (D+21), VA-09 (R+19) or VA-10 (D+1). In VA-11(D+15) incumbent Gerry Connolly (D) defeated progressive challenger Zainab Mohsini (D) in the Democratic primary. Connolly will face Manga Anantatmula (R) who was nominated by convention. Remaining candidates will be decided via convention.


Washington (August 4, 2020)

Washington runs a top-two primary system where all candidates compete in a single primary and the two with the most votes advance to the general election. With some votes still to count, all incumbents advanced through their respective primaries and there will be Republican vs Democrat general elections in nine of the ten districts. The exception being open district WA-10 (D+5) where two Democrats – Marilyn Strickland and Beth Doglio – look set to advance from the primary.

West Virginia (June 9, 2020)

Incumbent Shelly Moore Capito (R) comfortably defended her WV-SEN (R+19) seat against two in-party challengers, both of whom failed to get 10% of the vote. She’ll face progressive Democrat Paula Jean Swearengin (D) after she defeated former state senator Richard Ojeda and Richie Robb (both D) in Tuesday’s primary. Swearengin was been endorsed by Justice Democrats and Brand New Congress. She won a close three-way race by winning northern and eastern counties, as Ojeda took the western counties and Robb earned most votes in and around Charleston.

In WV-01 (R+19) incumbent David McKinley (R) was unchallenged. He’ll face software worker Natalie Cline (D) in November, she defeated attorney Tom Payne (D) in Tuesday’s primary. Cline’s primary campaign focused on workers rights and job creation in the state.

In WV-02 (R+17) incumbent Alex Mooney (R) was challenged by Matthew Hahn (R) on Tuesday. Hahn ran against Mooney on the grounds that the parties were too divided and that politicians needed to come together to solve problems. Mooney will face progressive Cathy Kunkel (D) in November, Kunkel faced no primary on Tuesday and is an energy policy specialist and political activist.

In WV-03 (R+23) incumbent Carol Miller (R) defeated Russell Siegel (R) in Tuesday’s Republican primary. Siegel received 30% of the vote despite not campaigning, responding to interview requests or maintaining a website. Miller’s opponent is yet to be decided, with a competitive four-way Democratic primary resulting in Lacy Watson leading Hilary Turner by 161 votes.

Wisconsin (August 11, 2020)

A total of six primary contests in Wisconsin. In WI-01 (D+5), Roger Polack defeated Josh Pade in a Democratic primary that focused on ability to flip the seat. Polack will attempt to do just that against incumbent Brian Steil (R) in November. No primaries took place in WI-02 (D+18) where incumbent Mark Pocan (D) will face Peter Theron (R) in November. There were Republican challenger primaries in WI-03 (EVEN) and WI-04 (D+25). In WI-03, Derrick Van Orden, who had wide support from within the party, defeated Jessie Ebben in a contest focused on ability to win the district in November. A low-interest primary took place in safely Democratic WI-04, where Tim Rogers defeated Cindy Werner in a campaign focused on bipartisan appeal and ability to get things done in Congress. Van Orden and Rogers will take on Democratic incumbents Ron Kind and Gwen Moore in November.

WI-05 (R+13) is open following the retirement of Jim Sensenbrenner, the Republican primary between conservatives Scott Fitzgerald and Cliff DeTemple was won by state Senate Majority Leader Fitzgerald. Democrats didn’t have a primary, Tom Palzewicz will be their candidate in November. WI-06 (R+8) had a Democratic primary to challenge incumbent Glenn Grothman (R), Jessica King defeated progressive Michael Beardsley in a policy-focused contest with clear ideological differences.  There were no primaries in WI-07 (R+8) or WI-08 (R+7) where Republican incumbents Sean Duffy and Michael Gallagher will face Democrats Tricia Zuncker and Amanda Stuck in the general election.

Wyoming (August 18, 2020)

The WY-SEN (R+25) seat is open, with Michael Enzi retiring. He will almost certainly be replaced by former Representative Cynthia Lummis (R) who won the ten-way Republican primary ahead of Robert Short. Lummis ran an issue focused campaign and aligned herself closely with President Trump. She’ll take on scientist Merav Ben David who defeated progressive Yana Ludwig in the Democratic primary.

In the state’s at-large district WY-AL (R+25), incumbent Liz Cheney (R) comfortably saw off challenger Blake Stanley in the Republican primary. Stanley campaigned on his lifetime spent in the state and said he would work harder for the people of Wyoming. In the Democratic primary, Lynnette Grey Bull defeated Carol Hafner, both ran on progressive platforms, Grey Bull prioritized Native American issues.